http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/issue/feed ASIAN JOURNAL FOR CONVERGENCE IN TECHNOLOGY (AJCT ) -UGC LISTED 2018-07-13T11:12:20+00:00 Dr.Chanakya Kumar erchankya@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>The Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology (AJCT) <strong><a title="UGC APPROVED JOURNAL" href="https://www.ugc.ac.in/journallist/subjectwisejurnallist.aspx?tid=MjM1MDExNDY=&amp;&amp;did=U2VhcmNoIGJ5IElTU04=" target="_blank" rel="noopener">AJCT -UGC LISTED JOURNAL </a></strong> is a peer-reviewed journal.</p> http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/359 Cluster Based Routing Algorithms for Vehicular Adhoc Networks 2018-04-11T04:04:02+00:00 Suneel Kumar Badugu suneel.it@gmail.com <p>Vehicular adhoc network is very important in Intelligent Transport System. Vehicular Communication plays a major&nbsp; in Vehicular Network. Two types of communication is possible vehicle to vehicle and vehicle to infrastructure. We need to consider two scenarios in vehicular communication. Sending the packet to nearest vehicle and sending the packet to distant one. Routing plays a major role in Vehicular adhoc network. Two types of routing algorithms are present to route packets. One type of routing algorithms, static routing algorithms compute the path in advance. Another type of routing algorithms dynamic routing algorithms, dynamic routing algorithms compute the path based on current traffic and load. Dynamic routing algorithms are more suitable for vehicular adhoc networks rather than static routing algorithms.In vehicular adhoc networks topology changes dynamically. Coming to dynamic routing algorithms distance vector routing ,link state routing,broadcasting,multicasting are more popular. Routing algorithms for vehicular adhoc networks are more suitable than dynamic routing algorithms,Adhoc on-demand routing and Destination sequence distance vector routing. And Mobile Ip For Mobile adhoc network.In this paper want to discuss about suitable routing algorithms &nbsp;for vehicular adhoc networks and their map-reduce paradigms..</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/360 Performance analysis of SLM technique in MIMO OFDM using Turbo codes 2018-04-11T04:28:16+00:00 Prabhakar Kota prabhakar.kota@mescoepune.org <p><strong>The multiple inputs multiple outputs orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) is transmission technique which is recently considered in many wireless techniques. MIMO-OFDM techniques are used to enhance the system performance. High peak to average power ratio (PAPR) is a big problem of OFDM signal. SLM scheme can reduce the peak to average power ratio efficiently. SLM requires side information bits to detect the original data bits at receiver is main problem. Since SLM without side information for the detection of signal is proposed in this method. In the proposed method, turbo coding is used with SLM scheme. Turbo coding ensures the error detection and error correction between the transmitted and received phase sequences. Simulation result shows that the SLM scheme reduces PAPR and BER.</strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/361 Conductive Concrete Shield for Electronics Against Electro-Magnetic Pulse Attack 2018-04-11T04:37:30+00:00 Pooja Tambe pooja123tambe@gmail.com <p><strong>Electronic equipment and data servers contribute for storing confidential information.During high altitude EMP attack data servers and electronic equipments are hampered critically which further leads to loss of data.To prevent this mishap we provide these equipments by improving properties of concrete so as to make it conductive.Concrete is made conductive by adding and changing different materials related to it's composition. The structure is meant to provide absorption, reflection and re-reflection to the incoming EMP waves by providing a conductive path around the structure .An optimal tradeoff is selected between compressive strength and conductivity values as the materials used to increase conductivity might reduce the strength of the structure. Along with the study of conductive materials, measurement standards for attenuation is mentioned here.</strong></p> 2018-04-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/362 Conductive Concrete Shield for Electronics Against Electro-Magnetic Pulse Attack 2018-04-11T04:41:48+00:00 Pooja Tambe pooja123tambe@gmail.com <p><strong>Electronic equipment and data servers contribute for storing confidential information.During high altitude EMP attack data servers and electronic equipments are hampered critically which further leads to loss of data.To prevent this mishap we provide these equipments by improving properties of concrete so as to make it conductive.Concrete is made conductive by adding and changing different materials related to it's composition. The structure is meant to provide absorption, reflection and re-reflection to the incoming EMP waves by providing a conductive path around the structure .An optimal tradeoff is selected between compressive strength and conductivity values as the materials used to increase conductivity might reduce the strength of the structure. Along with the study of conductive materials, measurement standards for attenuation is mentioned here.</strong></p> 2018-04-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/363 Design, simulation, optimization and fabrication of patch antenna by analyzing different shapes of Patch 2018-04-11T04:55:47+00:00 Sneha Suresh Kadam kadamsneha1412@gmail.com <p><em>&nbsp; Now a days, wireless communication is integral part of society and antenna plays an important role in wireless communication. Due to this, selection and design of antenna is a crucial process. Before fabrication, it is first simulated and optimized to get best performance. Using Ansoft HFSS version 10.0.0 four different shapes such as rectangle, circle, square and meander microstrip patch antennas are simulated.&nbsp; These antenna shapes are then fabricated using FR4 material with dielectric constant 4.4 and thickness 1.5 mm. Their performances are compared using parameters like return loss, gain, VSWR, radiation pattern and impedance. The operating frequency is chosen as 2.4 GHz and coaxial feed method is used to fed antennas. It is summarized that rectangular microstrip patch antenna has better results at 2.4GHz frequency compared to all other shapes.</em></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/364 Home Automation using IOT and Speech Signal 2018-04-11T05:17:00+00:00 Sayalee Dukre saylidukre8@gmail.com <p>—<em> Home Automation implies controlling of home appliances and features automatically and in some</em> <em>cases remotely using smart phone. Speech based home automation utilizes human voice orders to operate the electrical appliances in the home. It is extremely helpful for individuals and particularly for elderly and physically weakens people. These paper we developed home automation prototyped using Raspberry Pi and IOT. We present the implementation of home automation using two technologies. The First technology uses human speech technology for controlling electrical appliances when we are at home. It uses jasper software to recognize speech command and raspberry pi module for switch on or off. The second scheme uses Google app on smart phone and IOT for controlling electrical appliances when person is out of home. Raspberry pi 3B module is developed by using ARM11 microcontroller. The developed system also alerts the user about any instruction into the house when we are out of home. Relays and electrical appliances are used as load to demonstrate the working of the prototype system. Home automation using speech signal gives relaxation, comfort and security to control home appliances or office. Recommend system control electrical home equipment with human speech signal and IOT devices and easy of installation.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/365 IOT based Smart Healthcare Applications for People with Disabilities 2018-04-11T05:24:48+00:00 Balaram Singh Singh singh.balaram@gmail.com <p>IoT (Internet of things) is one of the ubiquitous terms being heard all over the world. IoT unifies the complete world using common infrastructure helping the human kind to connect and control various things. At present IoT is more an explanatory term of a vision that the whole thing should be connected to the internet. IoT will be elementary in the future because the concept opens up opportunities for innovative services and fresh innovations.&nbsp;</p> <p>This paper presents the concise outlines of the IoT, the basic requirements &amp; some of the IoT applications. Smart health care is one of such significant applications. In this paper how IOT based Smart Healthcare can help handicapped people and support them to be efficient in daily life is discussed. A number of such healthcare applications for the people with disabilities, including visually impaired, hearing impaired and physically impaired people have been detailed.</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/366 Communication System For Ship Using Android App and Wi-Fi 2018-04-11T05:29:22+00:00 Nandan Patil nandanpatil845@gmail.com <p><em>This paper discusses Communication system for ship using Wi-Fi module and Android app. It mainly consists of two parts, Main module in Ship and Module at control room of a Ship like Geographical location like latitude and longitude Position of&nbsp; Ship for tilt towards right in degree, tilt towards left in degree, tilt forward in degree, tilt backward ward in degree. Fuel leakage. Fire detection in cabin. Ship Control in F-Forward, Backward, Right and Left. This information in sent to control room and harbor at 2.4 GHz frequency modulated with FSK. If fire or fuel leakage is detected, it is intimated by audio announcement, displayed on LCD and LED indication. At the control room this all information is received through Wi-Fi modem(IOT) and displayed on Mobile Commands from Mobile issued to control the ship</em>)</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/367 Arduino Based War Field Spying Robot Using Wireless Camera 2018-04-11T05:36:25+00:00 Trupti Burud truptiburud110@gmail.com <p>A spy robot gives rise to the idea of creating a machine which is capable of performing tons of activities in place of human being more accurately and efficiently and consuming lesser time. In Today’s day to day life robots are very essential because robots can work faster than humans and the cost required for working of robot is much less than human labour. Robot can do same work that human does more correctly. Human can change the job but robot’s can’t change because once a task is assigned to a robot then they have to do the same.</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/368 Arduino Based War Field Spying Robot Using Wireless Camera 2018-04-11T05:40:50+00:00 Trupti Burud Burud truptiburud110@gmail.com <p>—A spy robot gives rise to the idea of creating a machine which is capable of performing tons of activities in place of human being more accurately and efficiently and consuming lesser time. In Today’s day to day life robots are very essential because robots can work faster than humans and the cost required for working of robot is much less than human labour. Robot can do same work that human does more correctly. Human can change the job but robot’s can’t change because once a task is assigned to a robot then they have to do the same.</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/372 Grid-Tie Inverter 2018-04-11T06:16:37+00:00 Anirudh Awade anirudh3796@gmail.com <p><strong>the consistently expanding dependence on electronic gadgets which use AC control features the issues related with the surprising loss of energy from the electrical matrix. In places where the electrical framework isn't all around created, darker outs can demonstrate deadly when electronic therapeutic instruments end up unusable. Subsequently, there is a requirement for cheap and dependable unadulterated sine wave inverters for use with restorative gadgets in the immature world. This report records the advancement of one part of an uninterruptible power supply, the DC-to-AC inverter. Using simple flag preparing strategies, a model which effectively and precisely imitates the unadulterated sine wave control display on the power lattice was made. The three-level PWM framework inside this report is made with the likelihood of an input directed framework to be actualized later on</strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/374 Grid-Tie Inverter (MPPT) 2018-04-11T06:22:46+00:00 Yogesh Rakh Rakh yogesh.rakh20@gmail.com <p><strong>the consistently expanding dependence on electronic gadgets which use AC control features the issues related with the surprising loss of energy from the electrical matrix. In places where the electrical framework isn't all around created, darker outs can demonstrate deadly when electronic therapeutic instruments end up unusable. Subsequently, there is a requirement for cheap and dependable unadulterated sine wave inverters for use with restorative gadgets in the immature world. This report records the advancement of one part of an uninterruptible power supply, the DC-to-AC inverter. Using simple flag preparing strategies, a model which effectively and precisely imitates the unadulterated sine wave control display on the power lattice was made. The three-level PWM framework inside this report is made with the likelihood of an input directed framework to be actualized later on</strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/376 A Virtual Chatbot for ITSM Application 2018-04-11T06:39:52+00:00 Shubhangi Raut rshubhangi52@gmail.com <p><strong>In the current scenario, the end user of Information Technology Service Management application in software companies has to keep on searching the solution for problems he is facing or else finally create a ticket since he cannot collaborate with the system by asking questions and getting relevant answers. As a solution to this, we aim to design a chatbot that will be specifically tailored for software firm employees. The chatbot can process input using Natural Language Processing and can generate a relevant response which will help the end user to solve his query. The chatbot makes decisions itself to answer user's query with the help of the neural network. It will also remember the context of the conversation and perform tasks such as creation of ticket on behalf of the user.</strong></p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/377 Human Emotions Recognition Based On Wavelet Transform 2018-04-11T06:44:28+00:00 Diksha Anand Sawant sawantdiksha12@gmail.com <p>In this paper, the authors proposes facial expression recognition algorithm of human being based on wavelet transform. The input image is decomposed using discrete wavelet transform (DWT) into different frequency sub-bands. Normally facial emotions are recognized by changes in facial features like changes in eyebrows, eye and mouth etc. But as per human age changes, it is difficult to recognize emotion. So we adopt new approach based on wavelet transform which is little bit different than the other techniques. The objective is to recognize facial expression using energy components of image and efficiently use wavelet transform for calculating energy components of image. The proposed algorithm recognized different human emotions efficiently and energy of spectral component is utilized well.</p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/378 Palm Print Matching Based on Directional and Texture Features 2018-04-11T06:56:42+00:00 M.P. Dale mpdale@mescoepune.org <p>In this paper, the author propose palm print recognition algorithm of human being based on radon transform. We propose a general framework for Directional and Texture Features. Firstly we use canny edge detection on taken image. Normally palm prints are recognized by changes in ridges, singular points, minutiae and bifurcation etc. For palm print recognition we use radon transform which is little bit different than other techniques. The proposed algorithm gives us good feature vector of palm print images.</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/379 Comparative Analysis of Vein Detection Techniques 2018-04-11T08:15:27+00:00 Pranoti Khollam pranotikhollam@gmail.com <p>Currently in biomedical field a lots of techniques are available for vein detection. Various projects are also going on vein detection. Various image processing software are also being used by researchers. Vein puncture is commonly performed every day in hospitals. Both doctors &amp; nurses facing difficulties in accessing veins in critical situations for giving drug through injections. Also during conflicts like war &amp; catastrophe has shortage of experienced nurses &amp; doctors. This paper viewed different approaches for vein detection using different technique. In this paper the vein image, working method along with block diagram, advantage, software used, results &amp; further improvements for the techniques are compared.</p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/380 Infants and Toddlers Biometric Recognition: A Review 2018-04-11T08:21:42+00:00 Vaishali Kamble Vaishali.kamble@mescoepune.org <p><strong>Infants that is newborn babies and toddlers constitute the 11% of population in India. Security and healthcare of them plays important role worldwide. Illegal adoption, swapping of newborns, abduction from hospitals, mixing and drug delivery are the global challenges faced by this community. In India AADHAAR card of toddlers is dependent on the biometrics of their parents. Biometric based recognition of infants and toddlers can play a vital role to minimize these problems. Adult recognition using biometric is already reached its matured stage but meager amount of work has been done for infants and toddlers biometric recognition. Biometric recognition of infants and toddlers itself have many challenges like database collection, changes in biometrics like face over the period of time, rigidity of parents for giving the details of their ward. This paper presents a detail review on different biometrics and their challenges for infants and toddlers. Till date the efficiency of the biometric algorithms for infants and toddlers is not up to the mark and has to travel a long path to reach the mark. In depth research is required to evaluate the efficiency of the biometric recognition system for infants and toddlers. In the literature maximum recognition rate achieved is 98 % for the database of 101 newborn</strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/381 Analysis of Image Deblurring Techniques with Variations in Gaussian Noise and Regularization factor 2018-04-11T08:31:16+00:00 Mukesh Harale mukeshharale92@gmail.com <p><strong><em>—Image blur is integral part of imaging system and it often ruin the resultant image, video signal and photograph. Image Deblurring and Restoration is necessary in digital image processing.&nbsp; Many methods have been proposed in this regard and in this paper we will examine different methods and techniques of Deblurring. The analysis of these methods has been carried out on the basis of subjective and objectives results with varying various factors like regularization and WGN variance. The different methods of deblurring have tested for different spectrum of images. The results have compared with each method and based on comparative results particular method has been suggested for suitable applications. The point spread function has utilized to deblur the blurry images by changing different parameters which help to estimate amount of blur need to remove from blurry image. The performance of various deblurring techniques have evaluated based on MSE and PSNR.[1,2,3].</em></strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/382 A CONCURRENT DUAL BAND 2.4/6 GHz LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER. 2018-04-11T08:58:48+00:00 Sayali Gadakh sayali.gadakh16@gmail.com <p><strong><em>The idea of this paper is to propose the design of a low noise amplifier operating on a concurrent dual-band of 2.4 GHz and 6 GHz. LC resonant network is implemented to obtain the required gain and impedance matching at both ends. A 0.13-um CMOS process is used for fabrication of LNA. The power gain results for 2.4 GHz is 30.96 dB and for 6 GHz is 24.58 dB and noise figure results for 2.4 GHz is 2.59 dB and for 6 GHz is 2.54 dB respectively.</em></strong></p> 2018-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/383 Automated Public Ration Distribution System 2018-04-13T03:58:46+00:00 Sohail Khan khansohail251@gmail.com <p><em>In our existing government ration distribution system, each family have a ration card. Based on the annual income, ration is allotted to each family. For purchasing ration user has to show first his/her ration card to the ration owner. Owner check allotted quantity for that particular ration card holder and then one can get the things. This process is time consuming. Also it is person dependent and people stand in a very long queues to get the grains and the ration. For the person who cannot read or write may not get the actual amount of allotted ration. Ration card holders in rural are complaining that ration is not supplied to them in time and in right amount. To avoid time delay in the current ration distribution system it is necessary to develop a automated public ration distribution system which will not be a person dependent .To overcome&nbsp; corruption by the ration shop owner and remedies we are developing the automated public ration distribution system based on biometric authentication of the family head. This is based on the fingerprint authentication of family head and message regarding the transaction at ration shop is sent to registered user mobile number by using GSM. Depending upon the allotted quantity ratio will distributed through the dispensing model. </em></p> 2018-04-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/384 pH,EC measurement and control for Aeroponics 2018-04-13T04:06:13+00:00 Pranav Somawar pranav.nsomawar@gmail.com <p><strong>Water is a brilliant dissolvable, it contains numerous sorts of minerals and chemicals .Molecules present in water form Hydrogen bond with each other to dissolve. This phenomenon focuses on water storage monitoring for plant with pH sensor. First step is to automate water storage for plant which control level of water in tank is 6.5 to 8.0.</strong></p> <p><strong>Conductivity is amount of salt present in water. Unadulterated water does not contain salt, so it has zero conductivity estimation. Controlling the nutrients strength is important part in plant growth. Without proper measurement crop will fail from root burn brought by too high nutrient level, different crop grows at different level of nutrients .For maximizing intake of nutrient in plants and minimizing the stress. It is important to control strength of nutrients for providing proper root zone. In Aeroponics and hydroponics this kind of nutrient solution is used.</strong></p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/386 AUTOMATIC MILK COLLECTION SYSTEM 2018-04-13T06:42:06+00:00 Swati Yadav yadavswati377@gmail.com <p><strong>Nowadays the world is more faster. In daily life requirements of milk is also increasing So this proposed system will change indian farmers lifestyle . Agriculture is strength of country and The main joint business of indian farmer’s is dairy farming. Dairies are collected milk from farmer everyday and payments are made on the basis of rate per liter. The rate’s are depend on different &nbsp;parameter like weight, FAT, adulteration .</strong><strong> More be the fats, more be the price. For this reason there is a huge level of corruption in milk collection center. Milk collection center gives daily receipt of milk information so there is wastage of paper also .It is also observed that if milk collection center gives more facility to the farmers, farmers takes more interest in it. So for that reason. So that in our system we have given option to the farmer, so that they can order cattle feed.</strong></p> <p><strong>Here we use concept of adhar card for identification of each farmer.</strong><strong> Our system will measure these parameters correctly and calculation is also done automatically. </strong><strong>In our system there is a direct communication between dairy and farmer. Automated corruption free milk parameter monitoring and collection with paperless receipt is main aim of our project.</strong></p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/387 A Brain Computer Interface for Smart Home Control 2018-04-13T06:50:15+00:00 Pooja Adale poojaadale3010@gmail.com <p>The goal of this work is to help physically disabled and paralyzed people. The Brain computer Interface (BCI) is a transmission between the human brain and computer or external device. NeuroSky Brainwave sensor is used to sense attention values of the brain signal and eye concentration. ARM7 processor is used as interfacing device. According to the attention values and concentration the switching of devices will be controlled. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/388 A Brief Review of Facial Expressions Recognition System 2018-04-13T06:55:49+00:00 Devashree Joshi devashree0@gmail.com <p>A wide range of applications exist for Facial Expression Recognition (FER) like neutral, sadness, surprise, happiness, fear, anger, contempt and disgust, which include Emotional / Mental state recognition, stress and anxiety detection in medial domain,&nbsp; security domain, human computer interaction etc. In computer vision field Facial Expression Recognition is very interesting and challenging area. In this paper, review some of the facial expression recognition methods are presented. The feature extraction techniques play a crucial role. In this paper a few Facial Feature Extraction techniques like Local Binary Pattern, Local Directional Pattern are discussed. Also recognition based on support vector machines and deep learning algorithms are discussed and compared.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/390 Analysis of Image Deblurring Techniques with Variations in Gaussian Noise and Regularization factor 2018-04-13T07:05:40+00:00 Mukesh Harale mukeshharale92@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Image blur is integral part of imaging system and it often ruin the resultant image, video signal and photograph. Image Deblurring and Restoration is necessary in digital image processing.&nbsp; Many methods have been proposed in this regard and in this paper we will examine different methods and techniques of Deblurring. The analysis of these methods has been carried out on the basis of subjective and objectives results with varying various factors like regularization and WGN variance. The different methods of deblurring have tested for different spectrum of images. The results have compared with each method and based on comparative results particular method has been suggested for suitable applications. The point spread function has utilized to deblur the blurry images by changing different parameters which help to estimate amount of blur need to remove from blurry image. The performance of various deblurring techniques have evaluated based on MSE and PSNR.[1,2,3].</em></strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/449 Layout Improvement Through Lean Tools Application For Healthcare Facility 2018-04-18T05:00:12+00:00 Ramakrishna S. Bharsakade ramkrishna.bharsakade@vit.edu <p>The basic function for using lean as a waste removal tool was to improve the throughput time in the huge manufacturing world. Lean was a concept only utilized in the manufacturing sector although it has also found its way in healthcare sector. This article uses value stream mapping as a tool to reduce patient wait time as well as increase customer and staff satisfaction by lowering their stress levels. The proposed model will take into consideration the synchronization and movement of patients as well as efficiency of staff.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/451 LIFECYCLE SAFETY, RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITYMANAGEMENTOF COMPUTER BASED RAILWAY INTERLOCKING SYSTEMS. 2018-04-18T05:06:22+00:00 Somnath Pal sompal8@gmail.com <p>Lifecycle Management Policy for Safety, Reliability and Maintainability is essential for the Railway interlocking Systems that provide movement authority to the train drivers. This policy covers all the phases of system Lifecycle right from planning to replacement at the end of service life. Some less considered activities are procurement guidelines, effects of human errors and procedure audits. Involvements of management and staff are equally important. This paper highlights activities covering Lifecycle RAM based Safety Management of Computer based Railway interlocking Systems.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/460 Maintaining efficiency of Biogas Energy Plant of Hybrid Model byUsing Solar Energy 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Dr. V K Jain vkjain27@yahoo.com <p>This study proposes a use of a solar photovoltaic cell and biogas plant hybridization which subsequently used for electricity generation or some other domestic or industrial purposes. it proves to be very economic, environment friendly and improves the quality of life in small towns. Household biogas system has become an important part of energy source for rural areas in India. However, production efficiency of small household biogas plant is quite poor since its operation is seriously influenced by environment temperature</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/469 Study of Orbital Angular Momentum in Electromagnatic waves using UCA 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Shailendra Singh ss523@snu.edu.in <p>Concept of Orbital Angular momentum with the help of mathematical equations has been discussed. An investigation of 4, 6 and 8 elements uniform circular array (UCA) for different Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) modes is carried out. The effect of varying the uniform circular radius is also disused. The application of OAM in microwave frequency to enhancing the channel capacity is discussed. Uniform circular antenna array for all possible combination has been simulated and its results are demonstrated for different physical and electrical characteristic</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/471 Design Of Passive Optical Network For Hospital Management 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Poonam Chakraborty poonam@dbit.in <p>The major characteristics of optical fiber are that data can be transmitted in the form of light with reduced dispersion and attenuation. The aim is to design a passive optical system in hospital environment with reduced noise figure, BER, increased gain and quality factor for effective transmission of data using OptiSystem software. Data considered in this scenario is image (X-ray) and video in the network design. A passive optical network (PON) was designed floor wise and ward wise and the parameters like optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR), gain, noise figure, output signal, BER (Bit Error Rate), Q factor (Quality factor) were checked after successful transmission of data which falls within the expected range. The expected value of quality factor should be greater than 6 and that of BER is 10 -12 for worst case. Thus any value of BER less than the given value is accepted.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/341 Feature Extraction and Matching for different Intensity values using scale invariant feature transform. 2018-03-26T10:16:32+00:00 Sandeep Baburao Patil patilsandeepb1212@gmail.com <p>India, having less awareness towards the deaf and dumb peoples results in an increase the communication gap between deaf and laborious hearing community. Sign language is often developed for deaf and laborious hearing peoples to convey their message by generating the various sign pattern. The Scale-invariant feature Transform has been accustomed perform reliable matching between a totally different image of the same object. This paper implements the assorted phases of scale-invariant feature transform to extract the distinctive features from Devnagri sign language gestures.&nbsp; The intensity of the original image is varied and then the feature extraction and matching have been performed between original and intensity varied image. The experimental result shows the intensity of the original image is changed by a pair of,3,4, and 5 times and the system achieves more than 99% of accuracy.</p> 2018-03-26T10:16:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/393 An Improved Voting System using two factor Biometric Authentication 2018-04-14T06:34:36+00:00 Prerana Deokar reenakharat@gmail.com <p>The advancement in the mobile devices, wireless and web technologies has given rise to the new application that will make the voting process very easy and efficient. The E-voting promises the possibility of convenient, easy and safe way to capture and count the votes in an election. The abundance of security threats in e-voting systems and their increasing popularity makes a strong case for the need to propose new designs, protocols, techniques and tools for their design, development as well as their security assessment-voting minimizes the risk of ambiguities as the voter makes his choice by touching the screen. E-voting could also minimize the need for re-counts as everything is tabulated by the computer. In our proposed system we design website for E-voting (electronic voting). In order to prevent fraudulent voting the concept of Biometric Authentication (Face and Fingerprint) is used. Biometric is used to secure the voting system. In this paper, we will focus on biometric authentication techniques like fingerprint.</p> 2018-03-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/396 An Android Based Global Chat Application 2018-04-16T05:12:34+00:00 Madhuri Dangat madhuridangat210@gmail.com <p>Android is an operating system for mobile phones, tablets and also will be used for Personal Computers also. It includes a touch screen user interface, cellular networks, camera, network data monitoring and all the other features that enable a mobile phone to be called a smartphone. Instant messaging has become so ubiquitous, an entire generation of internet users is probably unaware there was ever life without it. Various apps like whatsapp, Facebook will provide a way to chat with our known persons. They provide a simple approach to connect with people who are already in our contact list.<br>The main objective of this project is to introduce a methodology to provide Messaging Service over the internet which allows to android based smartphone and tablet users to chat with any person in this world. Our objective is to chat with stranger’s a share and discuss our ideas and thoughts with them. In this application we have use Google Firebase as an real time back end database which provide real time data connectivity using peer-peer connection. You can chat with anyone using the Google real time firebase database.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/400 A Survey of two different Approaches for Named Entity Recognition. 2018-04-16T05:34:51+00:00 Vijeta Shah vijeta.shah@somaiya.edu <p>Named Entity Recognition[NER] refers to a data extraction task that is responsible for finding, storing and sorting textual content into pre-defined categories such as the name of a person, organizations, locations, expression of time, quantities, monetary values, and percentages. Named Entity Recognition can be implemented using two different approaches such as Rule Based Approach and Statistical Based Approach. This Project does a comparative study of these two approaches on various types of inputs on the named entities like name of person, organization, and location and analyzes the outcome on the basis of parameters such as Recall, Precision, and F-Measure and determines whether the Rule Based Approach or the Statistical Based Approach should be implemented for better performance and efficiency in Named Entity Recognition.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/404 A novel approach to design Smart Home Architecture in Energy Efficient way based on IOT-A Survey 2018-04-16T06:23:50+00:00 Rugveda Deshpande rugvedadeshpande1196@gmail.com <p>Internet of things represents a new milestone in computing in which devices are connected to the Internet and use internet to communicate with each other. The connection between “Things” of internet needs huge amount of data transfer and analysis for successful results and justify their role by reducing human effort. The amount of information used in IOT plays an important role in the quality of system. Huge amount of information leads to better results but requires a lot of energy and less amount of information does not allow system to be up to the mark .There has to be a tradeoff between the amount of information and energy consumption along with no compromise in area covered. In this paper, we survey solutions for the very well known and understood problem of energy management in Internet of Things. First we provide briefing about the various techniques used for componential energy efficiency. Then we propose our architecture for energy efficiency encapsulating the whole system. Then we dive deeper into the architecture covering important features of the same.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/405 The V‟s as a basis of Big Data & Data Intensive Science Discoveries 2018-04-16T06:26:23+00:00 Anshuman Dwivedi anshuman.dwivedi@gmail.com <p>This survey attempts to consolidate the hitherto fragmented discussions on big data and its harness potential to extract the knowledge. Firstly, various definitions and the features of Big Data are analyzed. Secondly, we have surveyed the several existing and new aspects of the data-intensive scientific discovery in terms of Vs and concluded that the systematic treatment of Vs can convert “data-centric organizational” into "knowledge-centric organizational”. At last, based on the various research papers available, we have derived a probable big data dimensions’ model as 6V-6O.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/419 A Preserving Personal Privacy in Personalized Recommendation by protecting the Sensitive Subjects 2018-04-16T08:14:39+00:00 Parmeshwari Varpe parivarpe01@gmail.com <p>Recommender frameworks turn out to be progressively famous and broadly connected these days. The release of users’ personalized information is required to give clients exact proposals, yet this may put users at risk. Due to the troubles of personal privacy, user’s willingness to expose this data has turned into a noteworthy obstacle for improvement of personalized Recommendation. So the motive is to safeguard the sensitive subject. In this work, it is proposed to create a gathering of dummy preference view, to protect user’s sensitive subjects. Firstly, a client based structure for user security assurance is introduced, which does not need any modification to existing algorithms, as well no trade off to the proposal exactness. Then a privacy protection model formulated by the prime requirements such as similarity in the feature diffusion and the degree of exposure is put forth. Feature distribution measures the success of counterfeit preference profile to envelop unique user profile and the degree of exposure measures the favorable result of counterfeit preferences to envelop sensitive subject. Then finally based upon the subject archive of item characterization, algorithm to meet expected level of protection is introduced.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/423 The PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF RESOURCE SCHEDULING IN LTE FEMTOCELL NETWORK 2018-04-16T08:40:21+00:00 Trupti Sharad Jakkulwar trupti.jakkulwar@gmail.com <p>The long term evolution – advanced (LTE-A) based heterogeneous networks has started focus on the Femto based cell deployment. These Femto cells are low powered intelligent devices, which are placed in the random passion at home and office premises. Such arrangement has benefited the customers and service providers in term of network coverage and spectral efficiency. Then the scheduling algorithm makes use of adaptive modulation and coding technique by referring the CQI parameter.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/429 An Multi-Factor Biometric based Authentication System 2018-04-16T09:09:19+00:00 Muzammil Ahmad mpusad@gmail.com <p>Fingerprint authentication machines are widely used these days in various organizations to record the exact time in and time out of their employees. These machines stores the sensitive information of the individuals like fingerprint in it. There are two main problems associated with this kind of authentication process which we addressed in this paper. If somehow the stored finger print impression gets stolen, it may use as a replay attack on behalf of particular user in various biometric logins, secondly a single factor for authentication is less secure from the prospect of authenticity. We proposed Multi-factor authentication and hash storage, where the user has to be authenticated himself with three parameters as smart card, password and fingerprint. This reduces the false authentication and replay attacks. Similarly secure storage using hash function overcomes identity theft if machine compromised as the one way property of hash functions.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/434 An Implementation Of GIS in Agriculture: A Boon To Sustainability 2018-04-16T09:33:54+00:00 Ankita Mohapatra ankita.anks94@gmail.com <p>Sustainable Agriculture has been identified as one of the most important elements of the Sustainable Development Goal. The entire world is striving relentlessly to achieve it. In the 21st-century communication/ digital communication has been the major breakthrough and act as a driving force to research, development, living &amp; well being. The Importance &amp; impact of IT on agriculture attains high priority. Further, Introduction of Geographic Information System [GIS] has brought a revolution in communication. To see the collaboration of IT with different sectors may be challenging. Agriculture is one among them. Agriculture is known as the backbone of India's economy. It is a traditional sector which is vital to the survival of modern man. The collaboration of the traditional sector with the modern idea is E-Agriculture.The purpose of this paper is to get a clear view of the growth of agriculture sector by direct and indirect observations and experiences from the governance of IT in the rural sector of Odisha.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/441 An Forensic Case Study: Importance and Used of Multiple Tools in Recovery of Vital Evidences from Mobile Devices 2018-04-18T04:35:20+00:00 Ms. P . B . Binnar pranita.sadgir@gmail.com <p>Now a day's mobile users are increasing worldwide and crimes related to mobile phones are also increasing. Extraction of important evidence from exhibits is also challenging. Different tools give different results depending on type of extraction it supports. In this paper, crime involving smartphone, a real case study is discussed. This paper is mainly focused on extraction of digital evidences which can simplify the task of forensic investigator. The main objective of this paper is to study and compare results of different existing forensic tools such as UFED 4PC, XRY, Oxygen Forensic Analyst. Further how tool helped to recover deleted data traces is discussed. This case study undertakes practical experiments to identified sources for evidence that can later be used in the judiciary system.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/446 MediBot :A predictor and analyzer for CVD 2018-04-18T04:51:36+00:00 Kadambari Deherkar kadambari@dbit.in <p>Cardio Vascular disease are now considered to be one of the leading causes for death. It is the essential now to predict such diseases beforehand so that people can take precautions and try to preclude CVD. Thus, it is important to devise a method that aims at predicting these diseases and in less time. This paper aims at developing a CVD predictor which also provides suggestions to the users for lifestyle improvement. For this purpose, this project is making use of the Random Forest Algorithm, which has shown to provide a better accuracy rate than the previously explored methods. The main aim of this project is to help the users catch the risk of a heart disease at an earlier age and curb this in order to lead a healthy and beautiful life. This project will include a Chatbot application called as the MediBot through which the user can enter their details and get an almost accurate prediction of the risk level.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/448 Decision Tree for data with Known Hierarchical Class Labels 2018-04-18T04:57:06+00:00 Sachin Gavankar sachingavankar@yahoo.co.in <p>Decision Tree classifier builds a classification model using training data. It consists of records having attribute values and corresponding class label. Very few algorithms deal with class labels that are organized as hierarchical structure. In this paper we propose a framework for decision trees which considering the prior knowledge of the class hierarchies in training data. Classification algorithm is applied multiple time to predict class label from higher level (coarse-grain) to lower level (fine-grain) by using respective training records.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/455 Smart Parking System 2018-04-18T05:19:28+00:00 Suprit Atul Gandhi supritgandhi@gmail.com <p>Traffic Congestion nowadays has increased to a large extent, it has been growing exponentially. Car parking is one of the major contributors to this issue. A large amount of fuel is burned everyday in search of parking slot everyday. Here, we have proposed a solution that can ease the driver’s job for getting vacant available parking slot. Underlying idea is to direct driver to vacant parking spot using sensors and LED’s.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/456 Design of Border Surveillance Monitoring Application 2018-04-18T05:23:12+00:00 Sanket Darwante sanketdarwante6@gmail.com <p>In recent years, quad-copters got a lot of popularity. The highly agile dynamics of a quad-copter allow it to easily take off and fly in any indoor or outdoor scenario. For photography and for recording videos by mounting a camera on them people are using drones. The goal is to come up with a network of UAVs that will help our soldiers for patrolling the country border with efficiency, while remaining cost effective. The purpose was one of detection of intruders as opposed to detainment. To make UAV completely autonomous this requires localization. In an outdoor environment it is possible to use GPS based position feedback to fly over a particular trajectory. By using GPS calculate the path distance, speed, tracing path is possible and also avoiding the obstacles is possible. Software technologies and hardware required for multi tasks are modularized based on the requirements of the mission. The air and ground teams worked together to provide a system that has a comprehensive picture of the border while remaining cost effective and also maintain strict security on the border . The UAV or quad-copter will remain in constant communication with the ground base to effectively detect and track targets. This demonstrates a use of GPS to make autonomous vehicles. Drones are able to gather data when running miles of cables isn’t an option. Drones will continue to become more and more relevant in industry and thus a curriculum that includes a course on drone creation would be invaluable.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/458 Implementation on Honeyd: A system for analysis of network attacks 2018-04-18T05:31:14+00:00 Dipali S hingade shingadedipali7@gmail.com <p>Various attacks today are used by attackers to compromise the network security these days. These exploits of attacks are capable of exploiting into any secure networks. So to secure the server in network we are here combining features, functions and methodologies of IDS (Intrusion Detection System), IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) and Honeypot to make Intrusion Detection System more accurate, effective and responsive against these attacks. Honeypots are mirrored servers or host which appear as actual servers for attackers and maintain the logs of intrusions and intrusive activities. IDS detects the attack, and IPS takes actions against these attacks as configured. Intrusion detection system monitors all the data packets coming inward the network and looks for possible attempts of intrusion, when an intrusion event occurs an alarm will automatically be raised. The resulting analysis of captured packets is done and corrective measures are taken by Intrusion Prevention System if there is a necessity. This alarm will activate the Intrusion Prevention System which will take preventive measures depending on the type of attack and exploit used. Featured capturing, logging and analysis into our proposed system will enable security expert to investigate such events even more sophisticatedly.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/462 InstaMed+: Medical Assistance System for Accidents 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Abhay Gupta abhaygupta178@gmail.com <p>Long latency needed for emergency responders to arrive may be a primary reason behind magnified fatalities in serious accidents. A technique to scale back this latency is to scale back the number of your time it takes to report an accident. Smartphone’s are present and with network property are excellent devices to right away inform relevant authorities regarding the prevalence of an accident. We have a tendency to be coming up with a mechanical man application which can be helpful for peoples to assist different peoples who are laid low with incident like accident. It’ll facilitate U.S.A. to save lots of the accidental person. Project is style for an accident detection system. The accident detection systems inform the police room regarding the accident by clicking icon of accident. The appliance recommends close hospitals and police stations list in application. FIR is generating by police office and sends copy to the revered hospital system. Revered hospital scan user QR Code and supply treatment per info. Conjointly send emergency SMS to user’s pre-register mobile variety.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/463 POCKET MALL NAVIGATOR: Bridging Digital and Traditional Shopping Experience 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Shreyas Jagtap shreyasjagtap007@gmail.com <p>Big shopping malls usually provide a directory to<br>their available shops, but these directories are most of the time<br>static and do not provide any interactivity features to the visitors.<br>Propose system present a mobile shopping mall navigation<br>system. The main reason behind our conceptual idea of our<br>proposed project is because we feel that when visitors often<br>change their plan to go to other shops instead of the ones in their<br>minds, it can be full of effort especially considering the crowded<br>levels and location of the navigation material. The application<br>developed is practical and feasible; Smart phones have become<br>very popular these days, so propose system have combined the<br>idea. Smart phone application helping you in an alienated mall.<br>The idea revolves around our smart phones &amp; the “WI-FI”<br>provided by the mall. An application that needs real-time, fast, &amp;<br>reliable data processing. [</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/465 POCKET MALL NAVIGATOR: Bridging Digital and Traditional Shopping Experience 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Shreyas Jagtap shreyasjagtap007@gmail.com <p>Big shopping malls usually provide a directory to<br>their available shops, but these directories are most of the time<br>static and do not provide any interactivity features to the visitors.<br>Propose system present a mobile shopping mall navigation<br>system. The main reason behind our conceptual idea of our<br>proposed project is because we feel that when visitors often<br>change their plan to go to other shops instead of the ones in their<br>minds, it can be full of effort especially considering the crowded<br>levels and location of the navigation material. The application<br>developed is practical and feasible; Smart phones have become<br>very popular these days, so propose system have combined the<br>idea. Smart phone application helping you in an alienated mall.<br>The idea revolves around our smart phones &amp; the “WI-FI”<br>provided by the mall. An application that needs real-time, fast, &amp;<br>reliable data processing.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/476 Rash Driving Detection 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Komal Shete shetekomal28@gmail.com <p>Abnormal driving behaviors observation might be an anchor to improving driving safety. Existing works on driving behaviors observation using smart phones only supply a coarse-grained result, i.e. characteristic abnormal driving behaviors from normal ones. to boost drivers’ awareness of their driving habits therefore on stop potential car accidents, we would like to think about a fine-grained observation approach, that not only detects abnormal driving behaviors but in addition identifies specific varieties of abnormal driving behaviors, i.e. Weaving, Swerving, side slippery , fast reversion, Turning with a large radius and sudden braking. Recognizing this observation, we tend to further propose a fine-grained abnormal Driving behavior Detection and identification system to perform real-time high-accurate abnormal driving behaviors observation using smart phone sensors. We tend to extract effective choices to capture the patterns of abnormal driving behaviors. After that, a pair of machine learning ways, rash driving, or officially driving under the Influence (DUI) of alcohol, can be a serious reason for traffic accidents throughout the globe. In this, we tend to tend to propose a extraordinarily efficient system geared toward early detection and alert of dangerous vehicle maneuvers typically related to rash driving. The whole solution wants only a mobile placed in vehicle and with accelerometer device. Once any proof of rash driving is present, the mobile will automatically alert the driver or sends a message to predefined number in application for help well before accident actually happens.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/478 Lung Nodule Detection and Classification using Machine Learning Techniques 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Ruchita Tekade 1ruchitatekade@gmail.com <p>As lung cancer is second most leading cause of death, early detection of lung cancer is became necessary in many computer aided dignosis (CAD) systems. Recently many CAD systems have been implemented to detect the lung nodules which uses Computer Tomography (CT) scan images [2]. In this paper, some image pre-processing methods such as thresholding, clearing borders, morphological operations (viz., erosion, closing, opening) are discussed to detect lung nodule regions ie, Region of Interest (ROI) in patient lung CT scan images. Also, machine learning techniques such as Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has been discussed for classifying the lung nodules and non-nodules objects in patient lung ct scan images using the sets of lung nodule regions. In this study, Lung Image Database Consortium image collection (LIDC-IDRI) dataset having patient CT scan images has been used to detect and classify lung nodules. Lung nodule classification accuacy of SVM is 90% and that of CNN is 91.66%.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/479 Automatic Curriculum Vitae using Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Sumit Kafre sumitkafre7@gmail.com <p>Machine learning and artificial intelligence could be the next innovative way to build curriculum vitae. Traditional way of building curriculum vitae needs extra efforts and to portrait best results. Using machine learning and artificial intelligence to records real time events in life and human voice interaction using machine learning and artificial intelligence would be revolutionary step. It provides an ability to handicapped people to build their curriculum vitae, even to blind peoples around the world can build their curriculum vitae using voice input. QR code generation also perform for short duration sharing for temporary purpose. End user encryptions also lead to more security and privacy to user.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/485 Medi-Assist System 2018-05-15T04:46:25+00:00 Kadambari Deherkar kadambari@dbit.in <p>Rural health care is a one of the biggest<br>challenges in India. With more than 70% of the population<br>living in rural areas, it becomes all the more critical and<br>high priority challenge for the authorities. This work<br>proposes a MediAssist system for remote monitoring of<br>patients, especially in rural areas. The system plans to focus<br>on the health parameters of the patients admitted in the<br>rural health subcentres. The paper highlights the<br>application of various technologies like IOT and<br>technologies such as Apache Kafka for capturing and<br>processing continuos, real time data ie patient's vital<br>parameters such as blood pressure, pulse rate, temperature.<br>Real time reporting of the patient's health condition is<br>possible by capturing and processing this data.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/397 A HIGH SPEED DATA TRANSMISSION OF IMAGES OVER VISIBLE LIGHT SPECTRUM USING PIC MICROCONTROLLER 2018-04-16T05:22:06+00:00 Aditya Bharadwaj, aditya6196@outlook.com <p>A large demand for wireless data is making the radio spectrum highly congested and this is only getting worse. Bandwidth required for RF communication is rapidly getting depleted. Researches on hazards of RF have found that extreme RF radiations have adverse effect on environment. Light on the other hand does not contribute to this RF congestion since it lies in the visible light spectrum. ‘High speed data transmission of images over visible light spectrum using PIC Microcontroller’ uses a controller with light fidelity uniquely intended for secure and high speed data transmission. It is inquisitive to build up a transmitter and receiver to use light as a medium which must send the data obtained from sensor to light of its own and should exchange information through secured remote system with low bandwidth, which must play all the procedure without human interference and must carry out the work which current system is doing. It will be implemented by building up a framework which converts electrical signal to light and light back into electrical signal. The essential block comprises of control unit, sensory and light conversion. Expected outcome of this outline will utilize dedicated hub for every user with a secured transmission with fixed sensors and dedicated low power controller with a receiver will be interfaced.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/398 The DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF DOUBLE NEGATIVE METAMATERIAL ANTENNA FOR WIDEBAND APPLICATIONS 2018-04-16T05:25:11+00:00 Mayuri Itoria mayuritoriya@gmail.com <p>recently, lots of research has been done for artificial material or metamaterials whose property does not exists in nature but can be designed using metallic and dielectric structure to show properties like negative refractive index (NRI). Metamaterials find lots of applications in antenna design like low permittivity substrate to reduce the size of antenna, superstrate structure to increase the gain, and bandwidth of antennas, and also used for design of compact antennas for different applications but with main constraints of impedance bandwidth. The scope of this work is to design and simulate a novel structure having simultaneous negative permittivity and permeability so called double negative (DNG) metamaterial or left handed material. The complex permittivity, permeability and refractive index are determined from simulated Scattering parameters using direct retrieval method. Simulations of DNG structure are carried out using HFSS. The proposed DNG is then employed as a superstrate of MPA which reduces the surface waves and edge diffracted waves of an antenna and therefore reduces its losses.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/399 The UWB METAMATERIAL ANTENNA AND APPLICATIONS 2018-04-16T05:31:46+00:00 Pallavi Chole Pallvi.chole@gmail.com <p>A negative index metamaterial antenna is presented in this paper for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications. The proposed antenna is composed of rectangular type complementary split ring resonator (CSRR) wire that exhibit negative electrical permittivity (ε) and negative magnetic permeability (μ). The radiating patch may be square, rectangular, thin strip (dipole). The proposed antenna utilizes CSRRs in the ground plane altering the effective medium parameter of the sustrate. . All these shapes are designed with the intention to ameliorate the bandwidth and return loss along with size reduction. The results obtained from the simulation studies shows that the antenna has good radiation characteristics for the UWB applications.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/401 An Optimization of MPEG-2 to Concise Color Video 2018-04-16T05:46:24+00:00 Neha S Wahab nehashammiwahab@gmail.com <p>With incredible advances in digital video<br>technology, there is also increase in use of limited<br>expensive resources. In this paper compression is<br>achieved by using two algorithm scene change<br>detection and key frame extraction. Scene change<br>detection is accomplished using MPEG-2 (Moving<br>Picture Expert Group) . Broadly frames are of three<br>types is B I P. MPEG 2 detects scene change detection<br>hierarchical level of frame type. Key frames<br>extraction is done using X2 as histogram difference.<br>The resultant frames are replacement of complete<br>video. The compression ratio is achieved is 0.9537%<br>.For key frame extraction threshold plays an eminent<br>role. Video is segmented in scene shots over frames<br>respectively so this paper competently and<br>commendably use the limited expensive resources<br>such that to cater every individual requirement.<br>Application to this entitled project is used cellular<br>phones for video broad casting. Streaming<br>conferencing portable media player (PMP) Digital<br>storage media HDTV cable TV.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/406 The Fingertip Detection and Character Recognition Technique by using Leap Motion Controller in Air 2018-04-16T06:30:27+00:00 Prateek Sharma sharmaprateek997@gmail.com <p>Leap Motion Controller is a 3D Gesture Recognition tool which track the movement of hand and objects in its scenario . The controller provides position of object in 3D space in the form of informative data . It consist of led bulb and uses infrared radiation to track the objects . Leap Motion Controller can track twenty frames per seconds. This paper starts with brief review of various character recognition techniques which includes the methods of recognising character in human understandable language . Artificial intelligence techniques plays a major role in determining the character it includes various methods which are helpful in recognition of character such as HMM, Supervised Learning , Clustering , etc. Further, in this paper we are supposed to use coordinated path ordering Techniques to recognise character using Leap Motion</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/407 A prototype model to Improve Bandwidth of S shaped Microstrip patch Antenna 2018-04-16T06:40:50+00:00 Jaydeep Gunvant Chavda Jaydeepgchavda95@gmail.com Jaydeep Gunvant Chavda Jaydeepgchavda95@gmail.com <p>Microstrip patch antenna is widely used in wireless communication system. Patch antenna has number of advantages over other antenna. It is low volume, thin profile configuration, light weight and easy to integrate with accompanying electronics which can made conformal. But, Microstrip patch antenna has several limitations like narrow bandwidth and associated tolerance problem, lower gain and etc. Patch antenna can be designed on simulation software like HFSS. This paper present Design and simulation of S shaped microstrip patch antenna and presented results like; Bandwidth, Gain, Return loss etc.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/409 A Wireless Sensor Network Based Power Management for Intelligent Buildings 2018-04-16T06:58:52+00:00 Sanika Joshi sanikajoshi16@gmail.com <p>The proposed system aims the implementation of smart monitoring and controlled consumption at residential and commercial buildings. The rise in demand of power is increasing as compared to transmission capacity, due to increase in population growth also fuel and coal prices. The major challenge is to reduce the power consumption by optimizing the operation of several loads without causing any impact in the customer's comfort. Intelligent Power Management system is the combination of smart sensors and actuators. The development and design of an intelligent monitoring and controlling system for home, residential and commercial building appliances in real time system is implemented. The system implements the load prioritization and facilitates the real time monitoring of the connected loads based on the predefined maximum load value. The system also shut down all loads when there is no person available in the vicinity. It monitors electrical parameters like voltage and current and subsequently calculates the power consumption. A Visual Basic application is included in the system which will be controlling all activities of the system in user controlled mode (manual mode) or system controlled mode (intelligent mode). This will improvise the savings of the energy which will provide better efficiency and power management in the buildings.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/410 A Cognitive Radio Spectrum Handoff Schemes Based On Spectrum Sensing 2018-04-16T07:03:39+00:00 Dheeraj Dubey dheerajdubey38089@gmail.com <p>Wireless communication techniques have gained popularity in the recent decade, wireless networks, at present, follow the technology of fixed spectrum allocation. This technique, in which spectrum bands are licensed by government agencies, follows the geographical division of regions and static access of the spectrum. Which limits the available spectrum causing in-efficiency; therefore we require a common method which can be applied to all network devices for optimal use of spectrum i.e. cognitive radios. Cognitive radio accesses the spectrum dynamically, which provides opportunistic spectrum access. There are many design issues and challenges in using CR network because of variable structure and quality of services. One such issue is spectrum handoff. Although there are many techniques by which a spectrum can be accessed by a user, in this paper spectrum handoff by spectrum sensing is discussed. There are three major methods to accomplish this handoff process which has been analyzed and compared, to provide a better scope for researchers physically implementing cognitive radios. This paper provides a comprehensive and brief survey on the cognitive radio spectrum handoff schemes based on spectrum sensing.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/411 An Electronic Toll Collection System 2018-04-16T07:06:02+00:00 Dr Mukund Wani mgwanisir@gmail.com <p>The project “Electronic toll collection system” mainly deals with identification of vehicles and carries out transaction processing. The “ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEM” is an Embedded System which is used for automatic toll collection. This system can be used in highway, bridge &amp; tunnel. The major area of implementation of our project is related with traffic management system. Radio Frequency module is a generic term for technologies that use radio waves to automatically identify people or objects. The various benefits expected could be summed up as Speed of transaction increased safety, Cost reduction, fewer queues, Easier evacuation, more reliable equipment, less frustration. Less violent crime. Faster processing of vehicles, Reduces fraud. We have underwent a detailed study about the RF module application and implementation and found it applicable to the upcoming industries. Vehicle tracking and ticketing is just a low level application to imprint the wide level of application possible in this field. We combine expertise with an attentive understanding of our needs to deliver a technology solution that will accurately match your particular rules and requirements. It is applicable in areas where toll can be collected automatically, preventing road accidents due to overloading of vehicles, avoiding corruption and reducing manpower.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/412 An Automatic Toll Collection, Vehicle Identification During Collision & Theft Detection using RFID 2018-04-16T07:10:40+00:00 Akshay Bhavke akshay.bhavke@gmail.com <p>Abstract—“Automatic Toll Collection, Vehicle Identification During Collision &amp; Theft Detection using RFID” addresses the problems faced at the toll plaza and culprit identification during collision. The system also identifies the vehicles against which stolen cases are registered using RFID. The mobile application is used to create an account and register his RFID number at central database. When a vehicle with RFID tag arrives at toll plaza the Toll Collection Unit (TCU) classifies the vehicle as a passenger carrying vehicle or goods carrying vehicle based on its RFID Number. The goods carrying vehicle is weighed and if it is overloaded then charged with extra toll. The amount to be charged is then decided based on whether the vehicle is passenger carrying vehicle or goods carrying vehicle. RFID Number and amount to be charged is then passed to Central Server Unit (CSU) where a balance is deducted from user account after which CSU indicate TCU to allow the vehicle to pass. If the vehicle is identified as stolen vehicle by CSU based on RFID Number of vehicle, CSU will indicate TCU not to allow the vehicle to pass. In order to identify the culprit in hit and run case collision detection mechanism is implemented using vibration sensor. Theft Detection Mechanism is implemented to protect the vehicle from thief.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/413 An Brillouin backscattered power a measure for sensing strain in civil structures due to displacement of optical fiber 2018-04-16T07:17:17+00:00 Aradhana Misra aradhana.misra6@gmail.com <p>In this paper the application of Brillouin Scattering for monitoring strain along the fiber is carried out by designing a strain sensor. Inside the fiber the photons interact with the fiber molecules and cause some changes in the propagation of light. The backscattered light spectrum contains three types of light signal namely; the Rayleigh backscattered light, the Brillouin backscattered light and the Raman backscattered light. The backscattered optical signals carries much information on the variation of strain in the path of wave propagation. The Brillouin backscattered light signal power can be used to obtain information about the strain distribution along the fiber. The changes in Brillouin backscattered light signal is effective in detecting the strain changes in the surrounding. In this paper the application of Brillouin Scattering for strain monitoring is performed. Detailed designing of a strain sensor for application in civil structures is done to validate the proposed method using the OptiSystem software.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/414 A Benign and Malignant Pattern Identification in Cytopathological Images of Thyroid Nodules using Gabor Filter and Neural Networks 2018-04-16T07:19:44+00:00 B. Gopinath gopiphd@yahoo.com <p>This research work presents an automated pattern recognition system to discriminate benign and malignant thyroid nodules using Gabor features based Neural Network classifiers. In the preprocessing step, the required regions of multi-stained Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology images of thyroid nodules are automatically cropped. Then, the segmentation of foreground information is performed using mathematical morphology technique. In the post processing step, the significant statistical features are extracted from the segmented images with the help of Gabor filter under various frequencies and orientations. Finally, the benign and malignant image patterns are discriminated using Elman Neural Network and Auto-associative Neural Network. Based on the performance analysis, the discrimination accuracy of 93.33% is obtained by the Elman Neural Network classifier for the statistical features extracted by Gabor filter bank. However, the auto-associative Neural Network classifier reports a highest discrimination accuracy of 96.66% for the same configuration. This automated discrimination system can be used as a second opinion tool for thyroid nodule analysis by the pathologists.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/415 The Multiple Feature Extraction in CBIR with Relevance Feedback 2018-04-16T07:24:23+00:00 Prajakta R .Thakare praj_thakare@yahoo.co.in <p>Rapid expansion of image data on internet opens the way to image retrieval systems. Most commercial image retrieval systems include text based approach which is incompetent as some features are nearly impossible to describe with text. In an effort to overcome these problems and to improve image retrieval performance researchers are focusing on Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR). CBIR system uses the contents of image such as color, shape and texture features. This paper presents superior feature extraction technique in CBIR using multiple features like color and texture than the single feature. The performance of CBIR systems is further enhanced by relevance feedback (RF) mechanism that incorporates human perception subjectivity into the query process and provides users with opportunity to evaluate retrieval results.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/416 An oneM2M Compliant Sensor Network for Smart farming & Cellular Radiation Monitoring 2018-04-16T07:32:35+00:00 Pankaj Kumar Dalela pushpender@cdot.in <p>Agriculture is the worldwide prime occupation of human being. The increase in the pollution and other environmental problems such as global warming and radiation from the base stations have harmful impact on the farming practices as well as threats to health of human beings. So, the modern technology is necessary to resolve these problems and support better irrigation management. This paper presents a system with a oneM2M compliant sensing network that senses the soil moisture, temperature &amp; humidity, light content and the electromagnetic field (EMF) radiation in the environment and send the collected data over Wi-Fi to the Thing Speak server. Raspberry Pi is the controlling unit for this system that collects all the data and send over Wi-Fi. The present work focuses on developing a Smart Farming System for helping the farmers in increasing their productivity. Additionally, this system also monitors hazardous radiation from cellular towers.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/417 A Survey On Numerical Representation Of DNA Sequences 2018-04-16T08:08:10+00:00 P. Kamala Kumari kamalakumari16@gmail.com <p>Genomic Signal Processing (GSP) has been a challenging area of research for the past two decades and has increasingly attracted the attention of researchers in the Digital Signal Processing field. The prerequisite for genomic sequence analysis is the conversion of Deoxyribo-nucleic acid (DNA) sequence (ATTCGA….) to a numerical sequence. Further, DSP algorithms can be implemented on these representations for genomic analysis like prediction of coding regions, protein coding regions, cancer cells. In this paper, the numerical representation of DNA sequences are presented and compared in terms of methodology, dimensionality, merits and demerits.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/420 A Nine bit Mach Zehnder Interferometer based Comb Shaped Optical True Time Delay Line for Antenna Beam forming 2018-04-16T08:20:54+00:00 Pradnya Sutar pradnyasutar@rediffmail.com Jyothi Digge jjdigge@gmail.com <p>A nine bit comb shaped delay line consisting of Mach Zhender Interferometer (MZI) and MMI coupler is realized on Silicon platform at 1550nm.The device spans 35μm and offers a variable delay from 5fs to 40fs.Simulated Insertion loss of the device is -25dB. FDTD method is used for the analysis. The delayed signal is fed to the antenna array and the variation in the radiation pattern is observed.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/422 A Novel Approach of Inhalt Based Video Recuperation System Using OCR and ASR Technologies 2018-04-16T08:35:02+00:00 Swati K hokale swatigawand@gmail.com <p>Now a days Lecture videos are present methods for E-learning process. The degree of lecture video data on the (WWW)World Wide Web is growing very quickly. Therefore maximum appropriate technique for retrieving video within vast lecture video library is required. This technique will be very beneficial for the new and existing users to search related video within a short period of time. This paper shows a different method for inhalt based video searching for receiving correct outcomes. The main aim of the proposed system is to recover a video on the basis of its substances rather than retrieving video consulting to its title and meta data explanation in order to provide an correct for the examine query. For mining text data printed on slides we put on optical character recognition algorithm(OCR) and automatic speech recognition algorithm(ASR) to convert speaker’s speech into text.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/424 A PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SPATULA SHAPE UWB ANTENNA USING PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS APPROACH ON THE DIMENSIONS OF INVERTED T-SLOT AND STUB GEOMETRY 2018-04-16T08:43:48+00:00 Pankaj Ashtankar psashtankar@gmail.com <p>An ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna with a multiband UWB antenna is presented. The antenna has been fabricated on an FR4 substrate and occupies an area of only 25 × 25 mm2. The study is extended for geometry reduction and better performance evaluation with a parametric analysis approach The proposed antenna is designed to operate from 2 to 12 GHz. It consists of a spatula shape patch with a partial ground plane to form an antenna. The antenna results are found much better with T slot and stub. Details of the proposed antenna design and measured results are presented and discussed.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/425 A CURRENCY RECOGNITION BLIND WALKING STICK 2018-04-16T08:47:14+00:00 Harshad Lajurkar harsh95.h9@mai.com <p>Today’s Technology improving daily different aspect in order to provide flexible and safe movement for people. The blind people used the blind walking stick to find out if any obstacle is present in front of them. For any type of movement blind people uses their own senses such as hearing sound and touch. So to overcome this problem we are developing blind walking stick for blind people. Another one more system is added is currency recognition system for visually impaired people using image processing Money related transaction is an important part of our day to day life. With the consideration of visually disabled people or blind people, it is somewhat difficult task to identify the paper currency as it has same feel without any brail marking on it. Even though denomination based on size may or may not be identified but it is almost difficult to identify whether the note is original or fake. It is the question on edge to develop such a system that will make sure for visually disabled or blind people that the currency they have is original or not. So to overcome this problem we have designed the currency recognition blind walking stick for blind people.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/435 An IoT Based Public Bus Boarding Aid for the Visually Impaired 2018-04-16T09:36:17+00:00 Sameer Pradeep sameerpradeep@live.com <p>Public bus is an important mode of transport for the blind to travel independently. But they still feel challenged to board a public bus without the aid of another person. So this IoT based system aims at helping them to board the public bus independently without any assistance from other people. It helps the blind to select a specific bus via voice command and also to let them know via audio playback when the bus arrives. At the same time bus will be informed with the location of the blind person via GPS. The system consists of a client module and a bus module. The bus module consists of an ATMEGA-328P-PU microcontroller from Atmel combined with a GPS receiver and a GSM mobile network transceiver. All buses transmit their location information using this device to a server. A switch is provided for the driver to push when the bus arrives at the client’s location to transmit the information as audio message to the client. The client module is made with BCM2837R1FBG microprocessor from Broadcom. This microprocessor runs a custom version of Linux which is programmed to receive voice commands from the blind person and make adequate action. D-Link DWP-157 is used to connect this microprocessor to the internet</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/440 An Image Fusion In Gradient Based Multi-focus Image Enhancement 2018-04-18T04:32:06+00:00 Shraddha Subhash Mane shraddhasm93@gmail.com <p>A dynamic picture mix plot for infrared and unmistakable course of action in light of range target ID is proposed in this paper. Target acknowledgment framework is used to divide the source pictures into target and establishment areas. Particular mix rules are gotten independently in target and establishment territories. A limitedly dreary discrete wavelet change (LR DWT) methodology is familiar with finish move invariant multi-assurance depiction of each source pictures. Blend researches genuine picture progressions demonstrate that the proposed method is convincing and capable, which fulfills best execution over the non-particular mix technique.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/447 Performance Analysis of MIMO-LTE over MQAM over fading channels using ANN 2018-04-18T04:53:54+00:00 Darshana Kaushik darshanakaushik456@gmail.com <p>LTE (Long Term Evolution) which is a 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) wireless standard uses the standard OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access) modulation, MU-MIMO (Multiuser Multiple Input Multiple Output) technology and different multipath fading models. This paper characterizes the downlink performance of LTE using ANN (Artificial Neural Network). The MIMO technology made a breakthrough in wireless communication by providing high data rate applications to the users and is defined in the LTE standard. ANN is used to provide an estimate of the channel to minimize the deficiencies of multi-user transmission under Rayleigh multipath fading and improve reception of MIMO-OFDM systems by providing superior Bit Error Rate (BER) s. The performance is characterized in terms of BER (Bit Error Rate). In this paper the LTE system is modelled and simulated using MATLAB and the BER for 2×2 and 4×4 MIMO-LTE using ANN and QPSK, 16QAM and 64QAM modulation schemes for Rayleigh fading environment are obtained against different SNR values using ANN.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/454 Automated Classification of chest X-ray images as normal or abnormal using Convolutional Neural Network 2018-04-18T05:14:35+00:00 Anuj Kumar anujkumar@icloud.com <p>Chest X-Rays are generally used for diagnosing abnormalities in the thoracic area. Radiologists need to spend significant amount of time for interpreting scans. Automatic classification of these images could greatly help radiology interpretation process by enhancing real world diagnosis of problems. Hence, radiologists can focus on detecting abnormalities from the abnormal images rather than checking for it in all the images. In this paper, we present a machine learning approach to solve this problem. Here, the algorithm uses Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) to learn and classify chest X-ray images as normal or abnormal based on image features.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/461 Classification of Pathological Images Using Convolution Neural Networks 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Rajashekhargouda C. Patil patilrajuc@gmail.com <p>Cancer can now be counted in the deceases with high mortality rate. Oral cancer is the cancer originating or affecting the oral cavity. Oral cavity consists of the inner part of the open mouth which is visible. Gold standard available for the detection of the oral cancer is through analysis of the microscopic obtained from the Hemotoxilin and Eosin (H&amp;E) staining of the tissue biopsy images. In this paper trying to automate the classification of the above mentioned images with the help of Convolution Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines. The collection used for training the CNN for the feature extraction consists of 300 cancerous images and 60 normal images. Through the proposed approach we achieved the Sensitivity of 80 percent and the specificity of 60 percent.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/466 A Compact Quad-band Metamaterial Absorber with Wide Incidence Angle for EMI/EMC Applications 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Kanwar Preet Kaur kanwarpreet27@gmail.com <p>A compact quad-band metamaterial inspired microwave absorber with wide incidence angle has been reported. The unit cell is composed of L-shaped resonators enclosing a square patch carved on a low cost metal-backed FR-4 dielectric substrate. The optimized absorber exhibits absorption peaks at 1.92GHz, 2.15GHz, 2.44GHz and 2.6GHz thereby covering L-band and S-band frequencies for EMI/EMC applications. The full width at half maxima (FWHM) bandwidth of 19.7% extending from 2.1GHz to 2.56GHz is achieved. The proposed absorber structure shows high absorption under oblique incidence angle up to 45°. The standard printed circuit board (PCB) technique is utilized for fabrication and testing is accomplished by waveguide measurement method. The simulated and measured results are equitable with each other</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/491 System on Chip based Design of a Prototype Unmanned Sea Surface Vehicle 2018-05-22T05:10:58+00:00 Sudam Adlinge adlingesd@gmail.com <p>This paper discusses regarding design and development<br>of a simple, low cost, the prototype of an Unmanned<br>Sea Surface Vehicle (USSV). Prototype USSV using System on<br>Chip(SoC) can be developed which could be used for carrying<br>out surveillance at sea and underwater survey operations.After<br>implementing autonomous control system this vehicle can be used<br>for more complex operation such as Intelligence Surveillance and<br>Reconnaissance (ISR) operations. This vehicle is developed based<br>on centralized architecture, System on Chip (SoC). Interfacing<br>circuits using analog components are designed so that inputoutput<br>devices can be reliably interfaced. Interfacing Software,<br>Communication Protocols, and the Remote control panel is<br>designed and developed for the prototype USSV. Selection of<br>off the shelf navigation and Instrumentation sensors, Thrusters,<br>Communication systems and Payloads with its interfacing is<br>briefly explained in the paper. Finally tests and trial results<br>are discussed along with conclusions and further scope for<br>improvement.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/496 Solar Charge Controller Using MPPT 2018-05-29T09:43:53+00:00 Dipali kale kaledipali20@gmail.com <p>In the developing world various technology develop every day hence there is required more energy. The energy demand increase day by day we need to find innovative solutions as our available resource are going to short. The use of solar energy is comparatively less to other available energy sources at present. This paper presents detailed design, implementation of solar charge controller using Maximum Power Point Tracking ( MPPT) technique. Solar controller charged the constant voltage battery under varying atmospheric condition. We used MPPT algorithms for getting maximum power from solar panel. This power from the solar panel is use to charge battery. Solar energy is stored in the battery. The solar charge controller is also designed to display the battery voltage by LCD for user friendliness. The solar charge controller designed using a DC/DC buck converter whose switch was controlled by a PWM signal generated by the pic 16f877a microcontroller to regulate its output. The microcontroller generates the PWM signal after its MPPT algorithms analyzes and decides the ON time PWM signal</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/497 Smart Reader – Text To Speech Converter Using Raspberry Pi 2018-05-29T10:35:53+00:00 Aparna Dhavlikar aparna.dhavlikar@mescoepune.org <p>Smart Reader allows user to hear the text which is given as input. It involves extraction of text from the image and converting the text to speech. This is done with Raspberry Pi and a camera module by using the OCR [optical character recognition] technique. The system consists of a webcam interfaced with raspberry pi. Raspberry pi has the audio port where the output can be heard through the headphone or the speaker. The conversion time aimed is few milliseconds. This device can help visually impaired persons to hear the text in images to be read.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/498 DESIGN AND TESTING OF MULTIPLIER CIRCUIT USING BIST FOR FPGA 2018-05-29T10:40:34+00:00 Siddhesh Bhasale siddheshbhasale@gmail.com <p>The intricacies of IC (Integrated circuits) are increasing at a swift pace, Thus testing these ICs for erogenous faults has become very important. BIST is very popular testing mechanism which involves the design of test circuitry around a system that automatically tests the system by applying certain test stimulus and observing the system response generated due to the stimulus of the applied testing patterns. In BIST, the framework for testing the circuit is integrated in the system hardware, As a result the testing process becomes fast and cheaper than using ATE (Automatic test Equipment). Multipliers are basic building blocks of electronic design, they are extensively used in processors, microcontrollers, computers etc for signal processing. The self testing ability of a multiplier is an improvement compared to a basic multiplier design. This feature enables on-field testing of the multipliers without the use of costly ATEs. The BIST (built-in-self-test) functionality gives a brief analysis of the hardware faults that may be present in the multiplier. This paper puts forward a implementation of a multiplier with BIST functionality. Using BIST the multiplier is checked for various stuck at faults. Xilinx Vivado tool is used for modeling of this multiplier. For the design of self-test circuit, TPG (Test Pattern Generator) is used.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/499 Driverless Car 2018-05-29T10:44:22+00:00 Prof. S. N . Dharwadkar bhosalevarsha49@gmail.com <p>Due to invention of the car there is a great relation between human and car. Because of the invention of the car there is huge improvement in the automobile industries, due to the car human can travel from one place to another place in very short time. But from the invention of the car percentage of the road accidents are increased. The accidents are occurred due to the lack of knowledge of driving and drink driving also. In that view, proposing the automatic driverless car. This will explore the impact that autonomous vehicles likely to have on travel demands the transportation planning. We as humans, make a lot of mistakes on road. To have a safe traffic, we came up with the idea of driverless car . This car can be used as taxies, school vehicles, public transport and private vehicles also. The driverless car will never break any signals. It will always follow the speed limits. It will lot of safer for women who travel far away from home. It will increase quality of life.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/500 E-Health Care and Patient Monitoring System Using Body Area Network 2018-05-29T10:47:01+00:00 Vivek Gadiwaddar vivekgaddiwadar@gmail.com <p>A better healthcare system should give better healthcare services to users anywhere in an affordable and comfortably manner. The new patient centered approach is completely different from the old traditional way. In the old way the doctors perform the main role. Patient always needs to visit the doctor for necessary diagnosis and advice. This approach has two problems, first the doctors compulsory should present at place of the patient for 24 hours and second, in the hospital. The patient remains admitted with wired connected biomedical instruments to bedside, for long period of time. The patient friendly approach has received to solve these two problems. To overcome this problem, the patients should be aware of symptoms, disease, diagnosis and precaution. This proposed system reduces the regular visits to doctors, until the patient is critical. This system provides readily available patient monitoring system and disease prediction.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/501 SMART CAR PARKING SYSTEM WITH ANDROID APPLICATION 2018-05-29T10:50:34+00:00 Sagar Deshmukh deshmukhsagar035@gmail.com <p>Car parking facilities and traffic management systems are one of the key aspects that smart cities. Now a days finding a parking space in crowded area is always difficult. It is becoming harder and harder with increasing number of private car users. For smart cities to undertake actions in order to improve the efficiency, to minimize the searching times for parking, traffic congestion can be solved if the drivers can be informed in advance about the availability of parking spaces at and around their intended destination, it can be a golden opportunity.<br>To creating new application for internet of things, recent advances in creating low cost, low power embedded systems are helping developers. For the purpose of monitoring followed by development of sensor technology many modern cities have decided for deploying various IoT based system in and around cities. A gain in number of inventive ideas related to smart parking systems are reflected from a survey performed by international parking institute. For delivering real time information about available parking spaces there are certain parking systems at present.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/502 FINGER PRINT BASED BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM FOR ATM SYSTEM 2018-05-29T10:58:42+00:00 V. P Baraskar vaibhavbaraskar51@gmail.com <p>In this modern world, technologies are rapidly transforming. The technology provides simplicity and comfort yet in addition brings a major worry for security. So to increase the security to the present ATM framework, biometric and GSM technology can be used. In this paper, we proposed a system in which banker will collect customer’s fingerprint and mobile number while opening accounts and at that point just client will have the capacity to get to ATM machine. The essential advance of this framework is to check as of now filtered unique mark with enrolled fingerprints. If these fingerprints are matched, then an OTP will send to the customer’s mobile using GSM technology. This system needs fingerprint scanner, card reader and raspberry pi is used to interface all components.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/503 IOT Based Industrial Automation & Data Logging Using GPRS 2018-05-29T11:15:46+00:00 Priyanka Tondewad priyanka.tondewad@mescoepune.org <p>Automation is the need in industries to reduces the human efforts, achieve the accuracy and speed of work. We will also controls the industry machinery without human resource and also enquire about their operational status from remote place. Raspberry pi works as a controller which controls the appliances industry and also work as a server. Raspberry pi support to Python language. HTML Language is used to design webpage which is front end design and for backend PHP, Java script coding is used for webpage designing. We will take the data from various sensor which are connected to raspberry pi. GPRS is connected to raspberry pi which is always gives on connectivity. Raspberry pi send data through GPRS to webpage with the help of TCP/IP protocol. The data is accessible to industry operator for monitoring and controlling purpose. When the machinery ON/OFF all these data stored in the form of pdf to keep record.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/504 Securing Card Transaction Against Shoulder Surfing Attack 2018-05-29T11:18:03+00:00 Dr. M. P. Dale mpdale@mescoepune.org <p>In this paper author presents an approach to minimize shoulder surfing attack (SSA). Information available and security of computers are supported mostly by passwords which play the important role in verification process. The (PIN) Personal Identification Number is common certification method used in various devices like ATM’s, Bank Lockers, secure door lock system and mobile devices. This method of entering pin is the main cause for shoulder surfing attack (SSA). When pin number is entered in public places, culprit observe the pin number over their shoulder. This is called shoulder surfing attack (SSA). In this project we will propose a system to prevent this SSA attack. A shoulder attack is one of the modern way used by hackers or opponent to steal the account information or to authenticate in a private region. In a shoulder attack a person is being observed by a culprit and he observes his activities that what numbers he has entered or makes a video of total transaction process and comes to know that what the password is so whenever user need to put PIN code, user will be using the mobile phone to type that pin code, using shuffling keypad prototype designed on user’s Android phone.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/505 Intelligent Note to Coin Exchanger 2018-05-29T11:24:59+00:00 SHREYA DHARWADKAR shreyadharwadkar@gmail.com <p>Shortage of coins in the daily transactions at bus stations, railway stations, shopping malls and park is the main requirement of implementing an efficient and simple machine which will accomplish need of coins for transactions so that people will not face the problem of shortage of coins. This proposed system will provide sufficient coins for respective note. To implement this system we have developed a model which can take the note inside and check whether the note is authentic or not by using camera. By using the image processing technique it will ascertain the value of note and then as per the value of note it will allot the coins. Through this method we are endeavoring to design a low budget and efficient machine as in contrast to other subsisting machines. To discover the value of note we have certainly designed the MATLAB criterion.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/506 ATM CRIME PREVENTION SYSTEM 2018-05-29T11:27:39+00:00 Ms.V .H .Kambale vaishali.kambale@mescoepune.org <p>This paper presents an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) surveillance system to increase the security which is a smart system based on embedded technology. To avoid ATM fraud, the secure electronic transaction has become a top priority. This system consists different sensors to continuously monitor its surroundings for suspicious activities like physical attack, break-in and theft that might jeopardize the ATM and people nearby the machine. For proper surveillance we have also discussed the security and safety measures that can be implemented to prevent such raids. This paper focuses on different forms of physical attacks on ATM's and the methods that are used to detect the threat, commence proactive measures and tip-off officials through GSM network. Three security tools are proposed to enhance ATM transaction security.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/507 AUTOMATED FUEL STATION WITH USER SECURITY 2018-05-29T11:35:03+00:00 Deepika Bachhav bachhavdeepika30@gmail.com <p>Presently, all fuel stations are operated manually. They required more manpower and time. The technology provides simplicity and comfort yet in addition brings a major worry for security. To put fuel station in particular region it is expensive to give office to the customers, all these problems are dealt with the utilization of automated fuel station which require less time to work and it is successful and can be introduced anywhere. The proposed system help customers that means they need not carry money with them. The straightforward and legitimate utilization of RFID and GSM innovation gives an aggregate security and atomization of conveyance of fuel. The system is easily operated on mobile phone. In this proposed system the OTP is provided to the customer by the fuel station through GSM technology, then OTP is entered by the customer on LCD with the help of keypad. Thus authentication is created by fuel industry with the help of OTP. The appropriation of fuel is not dispensed until the OTP gets confirmed on the basis of information stored in the system. In fact a proposed system provides security for fuel distribution.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/508 Real-time Static Numeric Devnagari Sign Language Translator 2018-05-29T11:38:51+00:00 Jayshree Pansare jayshree.pansare23@gmail.com <p>Recognition of Numeric Devnagari Sign Language (DSL) using Hand Gesture Recognition System (HGRS) has become an essential tool for dump and deaf people to interact with commoners. The development of the proposed system Real-time Numeric Devnagari Sign Language Translator (RTNDSLT) is the significant objective of our research work. The system architecture of RTNDSLT system is mainly comprised of five phases arranged in layered fashion from top to bottom. Vision-based, real-time and static RTNDSLT system works in cluttered background with mixed lighting conditions. This system focuses on histogram recognition technique, centroid recognition technique, and fingertip recognition technique. RTDSLT is based on algorithms such as Histogram Recognition algorithm, Centroid Recognition algorithm, Peak-and-Valley Detection algorithm, and Peak-Point Detection algorithm along with Sample Image Database algorithm. RTNDSLT system achieves a detection rate of 94.13% by applying the approach of Two Hands and Single Camera along with fingertip recognition technique.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/523 MULTI TOOL CNC STATION 2018-06-27T10:58:03+00:00 Rushikesh Maknikar rushikesh.maknikar@mescoepune.org <p>There has been a high increase in demand of customized mechanical parts in recent years and in upcoming years the demand will rise to a further extent. Considering these demands and using CNC technology we have came up with a “multi tool CNC station” where the demand of customers are fulfilled and the costing is lowered. On this station multiple tasks can be performed on a single platform and the need for multiple stations is reduced to one. Traditionally all CNC systems have been standalone system. But we have developed a system where all these CNC tasks are performed on a single station and the space and costing for the station is reduced. As per traditional CNC machines required huge space for a single setup and cost of it would go higher in terms of setup of all the CNC tools (for eg: a 3-D extrusion setup requires around 1 lakh rs., laser engraving setup requires the same amount. Thus making it huge sum). This makes the traditional system unaffordable and useless at prototyping stages.<br>Therefore, as per increasing demand in multitasking systems which can reduce the space and cost constraints we can also save valuable resources and develop a cost effective multi tool CNC station.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/524 A Survey of Remote Sensing Image Enhancement using Pixel Level Fusion 2018-06-27T11:05:45+00:00 Ms. Priyanka S. Tondewad priyanka.tonadewad@mescoepune.org <p>Remote sensing image enhancement and processing is emerging area as it has demanding applications in land cover, land classification, precision agriculture and environmental monitoring fields. It becomes necessity to have high spatial, spectral and temporal resolution for further processing and use. As remotely sensed images may get affected by many physical factors, position of airborne and specifications of the sensors used, it’s difficult to have very high spatial and spectral resolution in same image, it’s always been a tradeoff. The fused image is expected to incorporate the high spatial and spectral resolution components of input images. High spectral resolution is required for accurate description of texture and shapes. In this article author reviews state-of-art pixel level fusion methods for remotely sensed multi-sensor images and parameters used for subjective and objective evaluation. Though ample amount of research has been done and going on in this field, attention needs to be given to the registration process and to preserve the important information from original multi-sensor input images.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/525 Four-Channel Universal Wireless Data Logger For Hazardous Processes 2018-06-27T11:09:17+00:00 Dr. Mane P.P pranoti.mane@mescoepune.org <p>PIC Microcontroller based Wireless data logger<br>has been designed through which we can measure &amp; monitor<br>different parameter like temperature, pressure, voltage etc in<br>different hazardous processes. The main aim of this research work<br>is to prevent major industrial accident &amp; to prevent unwanted<br>releases of hazardous chemical, in order to avoid different tragedies<br>taking place.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/408 The Study of Rocker Bogie Suspension System with Spherical Wheels & its application on Vehicle Chassis 2018-04-16T06:55:33+00:00 Rakesh Nath rakesh_me@gimt-guwahati.ac.in <p>Having done a case study on Rocker Bogie Suspension System in the view of using it in harsh terrain and rough geographical conditions where any conventional vehicle suspension system fails, robotic rovers are being used extensively for exploratory purposes in the fields of scientific exploration and defense and we are of the view that it can be put to use in day to day life. We have also done a case study on Spherical Wheels, whose advantage which offers rigidity, robustness, non-invertible while travelling over rough surfaces. This is an excellent upgrade to the conventional wheels as it solves numerous problems faced by conventional wheels. So we are working on a prototype model integrating these two systems, we have already designed a 3D model using SOLIDWORKS. We plan to stabilize it and make it suitable for handling various problems as it’ll provide greater maneuverability along with omnidirectional movement and we view it as a potential replacement to the conventional chassis system in vehicles.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/418 A Review on the Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Foot-Ankle Complex 2018-04-16T08:11:17+00:00 Anakshi Das anakshiguwahati@gmail.com <p>In this article; we aim to review the literature available on the anatomy and biomechanics of the foot-ankle complex where the main aim is to fill the gap present in the existing research literature that can lead to further development in the prosthesis design. This paper discusses the different joints and various ligaments and tendons which has a significant influence on the stability and biomechanical performance of the foot-ankle complex. It also has an insight on the ankle jointcomplexmotion including the degrees of freedom and linked movements.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/428 The Optimization of process of biodiesel produced via Acid catalysts using Sulfuric Acid, Hydrocloric acid and Nitric acid. 2018-04-16T09:04:37+00:00 Shyamsing Thakur Indiathakur.shyamsing@gmail.com <p>The consumption of nonrenewable resources like petroleum fuels is on peak and increased exponentially in past decades, the supply of such resources may end after few decades. The harmful effects pollution, green house gases increasing very rapidly. The development of renewable, cleaner and safer energy sources is an essential to survive. Total energy indepence on petroleum based fuels by development of biodiesel may become possible. In the present work biodiesel is produced by Waste Cocking oil (WCO) by acid catalysis followed by conventional base catalysis. Free Fatty Acid (FFA) level is increased after each fry in cooking oil which increases cancerous and unhealthy chemicals. If such higher FFA level waste fried oil directly used for biodiesel production via conventional base catalysis tends to more soap formation and wastage of base catalyst which in terms difficult the separation of glycerin and biodiesel production. By using acid catalyst the FFA level can be reduce considerably and biodiesel can be produce by base catalysis. In the present work, different acid catalysts like Sulfuric acid, Hydrocloric acid and Nitric acid are used for the biodiesel production.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/431 A Natural Convection Heat Transfer by Heated Plate using DifferentTypes of Notched Fin Arrays–A Review 2018-04-16T09:23:12+00:00 Ramsing V. Thakur ramsing.thakur23@gmail.com <p>The purpose of fin is to increase heat transfer from the surface to surrounding by increasing the product of the surface area and the heat transfer coefficient. Fins offer an economical and trouble free solution in many situations demanding higher natural convection heat transfer. The main controlling variables generally available to the designer are the orientation and the geometry of the fin arrays. In case of short horizontal arrays, it is observed that the air entering symmetrically from both the ends gets heated as it moves towards the centre of the fin channel, as well as it rises due to decrease in density. So, a stagnant zone is created at the central bottom portion of fin array channel and hence it does not contribute much in heat dissipation. Hence it is removed in the form of notch from the central bottom portion of fin in the form of notch to modify its geometry for enhancement of heat transfer. Many researchers have been studied the heat transfer rate through without notch and notched fins by using different types of material and different types of notch by experimental setup or computational methods to study the effect of natural convection. In this review paper, the main objective of this paper is to give brief overview of enhancement of heat transfer rate with the help of notched fins.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/490 Design & Analysis of Truck Engine Mount Brackets of a Truck to Improve its Performance of Life Using FEA 2018-05-22T05:03:50+00:00 Deepak kumar1 erdeepak0@gmail.com <p>Engine mounting bracket assembly used in chassis front frame has been designed as a framework to support engine along with transmission member. It is a significant study which requires in-depth investigation to understand the structural characteristics and its dynamic behavior. This work presents and focuses on some Finite Element (FE) analyses performed such as normal mode analysis to determine the structural behavior. According to mode management chart the fundamental frequency is enhanced by changing the design to attain the benchmark. The most suitable model among the iterations is selected for further analyses the static analyses give the maximum structural stress condition under static loading condition. Most possible vents along Z-direction is considered. Most maximum stresses found at the bracket. So the structural fatigue analysis for Suspension mounting assembly is necessary.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/403 The Wind Farm System: Literature Survey 2018-04-16T06:20:26+00:00 Dr. D P Kadam dpkadam@gmail.com <p>With increased wind power capacity, transmission system operators have become more concerned about the power quality; reliability and reactive power management of Grid connected wind farms and have issued grid codes. The major concerns and issues highlighted in grid code are active, reactive power control and power quality. In India the majority of wind farms are in rural area. Increasing size of wind farm connected to grid will lead to various challenges such as power quality, security and reactive power control during normal operation, and fault ride through capability during fault conditions. Considering the challenges to be faced related to interfacing of large wind farms using Induction and Synchronous generators, it is necessary to study the various power quality, stability and reactive power requirement of large-scale wind farm connected to grid and provide cost effective solution for management of power quality and reactive power. Overviews of literature survey on Power Quality and Reactive Power Management Of Grid Connected Wind Farm are discussed.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/427 A Renewable sources-Grid integration challenges 2018-04-16T08:57:13+00:00 Prasannati Kulkarni prasannati.kulkarni@gmail.com <p>Day by day the society is to rely mostly for the generation of power on renewable energy sources because of the crisis of availability of conventional sources like coal, diesel, etc Renewable are natural sources which are available easily and abundantly. These sources include sun, wind, biomass, biogas, tidal and water to generate the electricity. Their main advantages over conventional sources are easy availability, free of cost, no transportation problems, non pollutants and, abundance in amount and many more. Due to the challenge of the energy shortage, environmental pollution and because of its advantages of consuming no fossil fuels, infinite reserves, and harmlessness for the environment, the renewable energy source grid-connected generation system (RES-GGS) has attracted more and more attention. But many challenges are there in interfacing these sources with grid due to their variable nature as per the season shift, variation in characteristics for different times and days of the year, base load power generation , and penetration issues. This paper emphasizes on the challenges in grid integration of these sources and their mitigation to make them efficient throughout the year for energy generation.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/430 A DISCRIMINATING FACTORS TO MEASURE PROPAGATION OF CASCADING FAILURES IN THE POWER SYSTEM 2018-04-16T09:18:33+00:00 Ajay Kumar Lal ajaylal027@gmail.com <p>The most challenging problem for the design and implementation of a defense system is performance in accuracy and speed in a real time environment. For instance, the relay can differentiate between actual faults and load encroachment and be blocked. To calculate the overloads occurring due to the outages and measure propagation of cascading failures across a transmission network a sensitivity factors based generation shift factors (GSF) and line outage distribution factors (LODF) can be used. It is proposes a new methodology DFCA to distinguish line overloads from actual faults and to measure the “Discriminating” factors the sensitivity based power flow analysis can be used for distance relays. The main purpose of this proposed algorithm is to improve disturbance monitoring and system event analysis for discrimination between load encroachment and real system faults. The cascaded events can be measured in a sample-6 bus power system interconnected network and work has been carried out in MATLAB- environment.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/433 The Power Management with Solar PV in Grid-connected and Stand-alone Modes 2018-04-16T09:31:04+00:00 Sushilkumar Fefar savan.fefar21@gmail.com <p>As, the use of energy increasing, the power quality requirements are also increasing. Photovoltaic panels are generally used to compensate the energy demand. Due to the characteristics of PV panels and solar irradiation, output power is fluctuated. So that battery storage system is generally used to eliminate power fluctuation problem. The battery bank is communicated with DC bus by a bidirectional DC/DC boost converter. Upper limit and lower limit of the battery storage are considered in power management algorithm to increase the life cycle of battery bank. The paper proposed power management schemes to regulate both AC and DC bus voltages. The proposed power management system is capable to regulate power for grid connected mode and islanded mode. This paper mention power management algorithm and simulation, for both grid connected mode and islanded mode. The paper mention experimental results for both condition main grid connected mode and islanded mode.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/436 A Maximum Power Point Trackingfor single phase photovoltaic system using fuzzy logic 2018-04-16T09:47:25+00:00 P. S.Gotekar p_somkuwar@yahoo.com <p>A modeling technique for maximum power point tracking using fuzzy logicof PV systemis presented in this paper. The main focus of this paper is to simplify modeling of single phase PV system. Then a fuzzy logic based maximum power point has been implemented. Thiswill help to track power efficiently.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/442 A HYBRID DSTATCOM TOPOLOGY FOR LOAD COMPENSATION WITH REDUCED DC-LINK VOLTAGE RATING 2018-04-18T04:38:01+00:00 Bhupali Kumbhar, bhupali.k887@gmail.com <p>The Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) is mainly used for compensation of load in low voltage distribution system. The study proposes a Hybrid DSTATCOM topology that consists of a three-leg VSI with neutral clamped split capacitor to compensate unbalanced and non-linear loads. The scheme is employed with a series capacitor along with the interfacing inductance and a shunt capacitor. This reduces the required DC-link voltage and consequently reduces the voltage stresses on DC-link capacitor, while the shunt capacitor absorbs switching frequency harmonic components on supply side. The reference currents for the proposed hybrid DSTATCOM have been derived by using Synchronous Reference Frame Theory. The performance of proposed topology is verified using MATLAB/ SIMULINK.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/444 A Multi-band Double I-shaped slot Microstrip Patch Antenna With Defected Ground Structure for Wireless Application 2018-04-18T04:43:49+00:00 Nilima A. Bodhaye kritivaid@gmail.com <p>This paper proposes a design of multiband Double<br>I-shape slot microstrip patch antenna with dumbbell shape DGS<br>(Defected Ground Structure). The antenna structure comprises<br>double I-shape slotted antenna with Dumbbell shape DGS for<br>wireless applications. The antenna is designed by using FR-4<br>epoxy (Fire Retardent-4) as a substrate and obtained the<br>multiband results at 2.45 GHz, 3.58 GHz, and 5.50 GHz. This<br>antenna structure is further modified by incorporating parasitic<br>elements parallel to the radiating edge of the patch. This<br>modified antenna is resonated at four frequencies at 2.45 GHz,<br>3.60 GHz, 4.68 GHz and 5.50 GHz respectively and analyzed for<br>the antenna parameter like VSWR, antenna gain, bandwidth,<br>and radiation pattern. HFSS simulation software has been used<br>for designing and simulation of the proposed antenna. HFSS<br>software is used for simulating microwave passive components.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/445 A Polymer Studies for Insulated Power Cable 2018-04-18T04:46:20+00:00 Kriti Vaid kritivaid@gmail.com <p>In reviewing the history of the development of power cables have gained popularity among quality of power in terms of transmission. A new class of plastic materials has been developed; the outstanding characteristics of Polymers have pre-determinable electrical conductivities and possess perfection in physical, electrical as well for mechanical properties. The supply of power with higher reliability is the main aspect of power system and trouble-free performance of power cable is extremely important in utility side. Power outage causes by failure of cable insulation to overcome all the issues the new polymer materials came in use for the improvement in power cables. Aim to search new material which can improve the environmental compliance of wire and cable in all regions of the world. The variety of uses associated with the manufacturing and installation of insulated power cable consisting a number of materials of high conductivity metals polymers base, that are extruded around the centre conductor which are having different effects in terms of performance. Present days power cables are amazingly developed with improved dielectric properties and progress has been made by adopting method of preparation.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/452 High Performance Arithmetic and Logic Unit with Enhanced MTCMOS and Transistor Stacking Techniques 2018-04-18T05:09:46+00:00 Esther Rani Thuraka estherlawrenc@gmail.com <p>Short channel devices need lower power supply voltages to reduce power consumption. This forces a reduction in the threshold voltage that causes a substantial increase of weak inversion current. The popular leakage control technique is Multi Threshold Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MTCMOS) technique. Power gating uses a pMOS transistor and/or an nMOS transistor to disconnect supply voltage from the logic when the logic is inactive by creating virtual VDD and Ground. This technique can decrease leakage power by more than 50% with negligible delay. For further reduction in the leakage power in deep submicron, a technique known as Enhanced MTCMOS (EMTCMOS) is used which uses a stack of NMOS and PMOS transistors as used in case of MTCMOS technique. EMTCMOS technique condenses leakage further, over the conventional MTCMOS circuits. Transistor stacking is another technique that is verified for leakage power reduction. An Arithmetic and Logic Unit is designed using CMOS, MTCMOS, EMTCMOS and Transistor stacking techniques and compared for the leakage power reduction</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/453 High Performance Arithmetic and Logic Unit with Enhanced MTCMOS and Transistor Stacking Techniques 2018-04-18T05:12:02+00:00 Esther Rani Thuraka estherlawrenc@gmail.com <p>Short channel devices need lower power supply voltages to reduce power consumption. This forces a reduction in the threshold voltage that causes a substantial increase of weak inversion current. The popular leakage control technique is Multi Threshold Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MTCMOS) technique. Power gating uses a pMOS transistor and/or an nMOS transistor to disconnect supply voltage from the logic when the logic is inactive by creating virtual VDD and Ground. This technique can decrease leakage power by more than 50% with negligible delay. For further reduction in the leakage power in deep submicron, a technique known as Enhanced MTCMOS (EMTCMOS) is used which uses a stack of NMOS and PMOS transistors as used in case of MTCMOS technique. EMTCMOS technique condenses leakage further, over the conventional MTCMOS circuits. Transistor stacking is another technique that is verified for leakage power reduction. An Arithmetic and Logic Unit is designed using CMOS, MTCMOS, EMTCMOS and Transistor stacking techniques and compared for the leakage power reduction</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/459 Detection of Duplicate using eNose and Sensor 2018-04-18T05:34:43+00:00 Soumya Debashis Das soumyadebashis@gmail.com <p>Here in this topic, I am basically concerned about the problems and worries which occur during any function or parties relating to the number of plates used by the guests. This idea tries to minimize the amount of manpower or technologies used to check this habit at the event. Here in this project, I am using a pre-designed PIR Sensor with Electronic Nose and on-field Heartbeat Sensor. The PIR Sensor used here will sense the presence or arrival of a person near or in front of it through the change in temperature. The Electronic Nose attached with it will detect the odor or smell of the person coming near to it. It will be followed by a memory which will be linked to the gadget that keeps a record of all the odors sensed by it. If there will be any duplicate, then a buzzer will ring which will be the first indication for the user operating that this person is going to use the plate more than once. Then in the next level, on the plate’s desk, there will be a sensor attached which keeps the track of the Heart Beat of the person touching it. If the heartbeat is unusual, then the second and final indicator buzzer will ring which will assure that the person is intentionally using the plate multiple number of times. By this way, the organizer can efficiently use this technology in detecting such problem with minimum resources. This project can also be extended to several other detection strategies which involve human intervention.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/468 Parallel Operation of Inverters With Droop Control of Voltage and Frequency 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Rakesh S Kushwah rakeshkushwah027@gmail.com <p>In distributed generation numerous small generating stations are connected to micro grid by using interfacing inverter. While connecting a various inverters in micro grid, load sharing amongst them in very important factor. This paper presents a novel approach for interfacing parallel inverter, the technique used in this paper is based on P-F/Q-V droop control. This technique is very helpful when micro grid is operating in island mode. The droop control is designed in a such a way that it helps in maintaining the voltage and frequency stability. In this paper method of droop control is implemented and characteristics of proportional load sharing are obtained from each connected inverter. The two inverters operation is shown in this paper. The two inverter scheme with droop control is implemented in MATLAB and results obtained shows significant sharing of load while maintaining the constant voltage and frequency.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/474 A Simulation Study of a Three Phase Five Level Diode Clamped Inverter with LCL filter for Solar PV based Grid-tied Application 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Sunil Gaikwad suniltgaikwad@rediffmail.com <p>Solar energy is now increasingly being harnessed to fulfill the load requirements of modern power grid. Power converters are employed to convert DC output of a Solar PV array to AC for grid connection. Major factors considered for selection of converters for PV system are efficiency, reliability and cost of the system. Use of multilevel inverters for such applications can enhance the efficiency of the system by reducing losses in the power conversion stage and by improving total harmonic distortion. This paper presents a study on a three phase five level diode clamped inverter for Solar PV based grid-tied application. The main advantage of this topology is its simplicity of control, reduced stress on individual switches and cost effectiveness. Moreover, effect of LCL filter on the output of these multilevel inverters is observed. The Incremental Conductance MPPT algorithm is used to extract maximum power from the DC-DC converter. The 110kW PV system model is developed and simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK to verify the performance of the inverter.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/477 Analysis of Design Parameters in Flexible Reuse Deployments of OFDMA Downlink Cellular Networks 2018-05-10T06:12:54+00:00 Dr. Subbarao Boddu bsrao26@gmail.com <p>Increasing the capacity of wireless cellular networks<br>has always been an important objective. To achieve high capacity,<br>full frequency reuse is considered in 5G systems by the research<br>community. However, the efficient Inter Cell Interference (ICI)<br>mitigation methods are required since full reuse deployment leads<br>to the problem of ICI in cellular networks. To improve the user<br>performance, a flexible Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) has<br>been emerged as a solution in recent times by overcoming the<br>ICI. However, FFR has three important design parameters, such<br>as Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) threshold,<br>bandwidth ratio and power ratio. The optimal choice and<br>configuration of the design parameters is very important as<br>their configuration determines network performance. Hence,<br>it appears highly desirable to investigate the impact of the<br>parameters on the system performance. This paper investigates<br>the impact of the design parameters on the deployment of flexible<br>reuse and suggests the optimal range of parameters where the<br>capacity of flexible reuse is increased significantly when compared<br>against full reuse.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/481 Optimal Placement and Sizing of Distribution Transformers of Existing Network using Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing 2018-05-10T06:12:53+00:00 Sunil Gaikwad suniltgaikwad@rediffmail.com <p>The major part of losses in power system is contributed by transmission lines and distribution transformers (DTs). Failure of DT causes sudden outage and it is expensive to repair. Its failure affects Industry and consumers. Study related to DT is one of the essential areas for distribution side. The proposed work addresses the cost function optimization considering investment, operational, maintenance, insurance and depreciation costs of urban distribution network. The Genetic Algorithm (GA) which is best suited for optimum search is applied to the existing network under study. The results of GA are compared with Simulated Annealing (SA) as both methods handle bound-constrained optimization problems satisfactorily.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/510 Automatic Method of Protection of Transformer Using PIC Microcontroller 2018-05-31T09:51:42+00:00 Shraddha Ganage shraddhagange111@gmail.com Prof. Kavita Shrivastava kavita.tumane@yahoo.co.in <p>This paper describe the design and implementation of an “Automatic method of protecting transformer using PIC Microcontroller”. The aim of this paper is to provide an alternative, effective, efficient and more reliable method of protecting fault from power transformer which may arose as a result of over voltage, overcurrent, over temperature. Generally, fault may occur in transformers due to the stated reasons. Along with above said faults system is designed to indicate Transformer oil quality. This isolation process is to ensure that the transformer is safe from any excess current levels that can make it to overheat thus get damaged. Thereafter regarding the monitoring and control, information about the operation of the parameters would be transmitted to a personal computer for general monitoring and control, which avoid the need of the lines men who had to go to the transformer to re-fix fuses.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/511 Design and Fabrication of a Single Sided Three Phase Linear Induction Motor 2018-05-31T09:54:51+00:00 Nilesh Joshi nileshjoshi018@gmail.com Kavita shrivastava kavita.tumane@yahoo.co.in <p>Linear Induction Motor invented in 1890, only two years after the discovery of the rotary induction principle. Basically the concept of the linear device consists of unrolling of rotary machine cutting along radial plane such that primary consists of a single row of coils in slots in a laminated steel core. The force can be applied uniformly to the belt over a wide area without mechanical contact that’s the reason for which linear induction motor is used to drive conveyor belt system. Hence drive becomes independent of friction. This paper presents a simple and fast methodology for designing and fabrication of Single sided linear induction motor (SLIM). Analysis and design problems, as unique to linear machines are discussed. Several possible applications of these machines are included</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/512 MULTIPURPOSE INDUCTION MOTOR 2018-05-31T09:58:25+00:00 3SWAPNIL GUPTA 2swapnilgupta@gmail.com KAVITA SHRIVASTAVA kavita.tumane@yahoo.co.in <p>In this paper, a model is proposed to perform three functions on a single three phase Induction motor. We are going to implement the redesigning of stator of three phase Induction motor in which the rotor remains as it is. In such a way that it can act as a rotary phase converter and welding transformer.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/514 Single phase fault analysis for temporary and permanent fault 2018-06-01T10:03:51+00:00 Madhuri Sanap sanapmadhuri7@gmail.com Prof. Kavita Shrivastava kavita.tumane@yahoo.co.in <p>This paper to develop an automatic tripping mechanism for the single phase supply system. The project output resets automatically after a brief interruption in the event temporary fault while it remains in tripped condition in case of permanent fault. There are some failures due to some faults which can be temporary or permanent. These faults lead to substantial damage to the power system equipment. It is common, the faults might be LG (Line to Ground) in the supply systems and these faults in single phase supply system can affect the power system. To overcome this problem a system is built, which can sense these faults and automatically disconnects the supply to avoid damage. This system is built using single phase transformers having input 230 volt and output at 12 volt. This concept low voltage testing of fault conditions is followed. A switch is used to create the LG fault in low voltage side, for activating the tripping mechanism. Short duration fault returns the supply to the load immediately called as temporary trip while long duration shall result in permanent trip. The idea in the future can be extended to developing a device to send message to the authorities via SMS by interfacing a GSM modem.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/527 Infants and Toddlers Biometric Recognition: A Review 2018-07-13T11:12:20+00:00 Vaishali H Kamble Vaishali.kamble@mescoepune.org <p>Infants that is newborn babies and toddlers<br>constitute the 11% of population in India. Security and<br>healthcare of them plays important role worldwide.<br>Illegal adoption, swapping of newborns, abduction from<br>hospitals, mixing and drug delivery are the global<br>challenges faced by this community. In India<br>AADHAAR card of toddlers is dependent on the<br>biometrics of their parents. Biometric based recognition<br>of infants and toddlers can play a vital role to minimize<br>these problems. Adult recognition using biometric is<br>already reached its matured stage but meager amount<br>of work has been done for infants and toddlers<br>biometric recognition. Biometric recognition of infants<br>and toddlers itself have many challenges like database<br>collection, changes in biometrics like face over the<br>period of time, rigidity of parents for giving the details<br>of their ward. This paper presents a detail review on<br>different biometrics and their challenges for infants and<br>toddlers. Till date the efficiency of the biometric<br>algorithms for infants and toddlers is not up to the<br>mark and has to travel a long path to reach the mark.<br>In depth research is required to evaluate the efficiency<br>of the biometric recognition system for infants and<br>toddlers. In the literature maximum recognition rate<br>achieved is 98 % for the database of 101 newborns.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/421 A ‘Blockchaining’ Democracy 2018-04-16T08:26:42+00:00 Suprit Atul Gandhi supritgandhi@gmail.com <p>The very survival of democracy lies in election. Yet, in the 21st century where electronic electoral ballots are used there exists a slightest chance of voting machine tampering. Frequent allegations by some politicians regarding tampering and the rise of blockchaining ecosystem gave a firm support to this idea. Using this idea, elections not only will be more secured for a highly populated democracy like India but also, it will foster a larger participation of public, since they can vote from home too.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/443 An Computer Adaptive Testing Using Rule Based 2018-04-18T04:40:48+00:00 Nilesh Ghavate nileshghavate@dbit.in <p>Computer Adaptive Testing Using Rule Based Approach is an approach for delivering on line tests. It is based on complex computer algorithms rendered to achieve proper content distribution, item exposure and test length. In the Computer Adaptive Testing environment, test assessment and evaluation of each user helps the examiner to process a thorough assessment of the user’s performance level based on the knowledge and learning ability. The other benefit of this system is that each user gets different sets of questions and the probability of the questions also differs depending upon the answer that the user chooses. The Adaptive testing using rule based approach will ensure that the next question given to the user will be dependent on the previous set of questions answered by them. The intention of this work is to design and test Computer Adaptive Testing Using Rule Based Approach technique for web based applications.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/450 Development of an IT Asset Management Tool for Enterprise Information System 2018-04-18T05:03:59+00:00 S. Hazra soma.hazra.frnd@gmail.com <p>Every organization has several types of valuable components called asset to serve many services. But, this huge amount of asset cannot be easily maintained by any person manually, because it has become more time consuming and also costly for any organization. IT asset management represents an important role for asset maintenance. For the proper asset maintenance, each and every organization should have some appropriate mechanism. In this paper, an Asset Management tool is introduced. This tool successfully monitored and manages all types of asset of the organization following the asset life cycle and inventory functions to manage huge asset of an organization. It also describes the main issues arising from several aspects such as add, repair, and disposal of assets.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/432 A Microstructure Modeling and Neck Growth Analysis of Laser Sintered AlSi10Mg Nanoparticles 2018-04-16T09:28:22+00:00 Jyotirmoy Nandy jyotirmoynanday@soauniversity.ac.in <p>Molecular dynamics has been used in this work to study the sintering behavior and neck growth in laser sintered AlSi10Mg particles. The modeling is based on the experimental condition during which the laser power is varied and the scan speed is kept constant. The neck growth behavior is studied over two intervals of time. The results depict the increase in neck growth at higher heating conditions and also exhibits the accurate range of laser power that shall be used for achieving solid state sintering of AlSi10Mg.</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/439 An Critical Analysis of Statistical Foundation of Irreversible Thermodynamics Subject To Coarse Grain Entropy 2018-04-18T04:28:57+00:00 Megha Sawangikar mssawangikar@rediffmail.com <p>The extensive study of statistical<br>foundation of irreversible thermodynamics has<br>been carried out. The critical analysis reveals<br>that the conceptual problems are the<br>probabilities in statistical mechanical<br>explanations of thermodynamic phenomena, the<br>issue of irreversibility and the associated<br>thermodynamic arrow of time. The<br>microdynamical origin of thermodynamic<br>irreversibility represents perhaps the most<br>important unsolved problem in the foundations<br>of statistical mechanics. The coarse-graining<br>approach to statistical mechanics and the<br>problems it faces in accounting for<br>thermodynamic irreversibility</p> 2018-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##