Muscle exercises in Interceptive Orthodontics

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Jaipal Singh Tarkar S. M. Bapat Sandeep Parashar


Malocclusion can occur in three planes of space i.e. sagittal, transverse and vertical plane. Dental vertical relationships can be divided into four major categories: anterior open bite, anterior deep bite, posterior open bite and posterior collapsed bite with over closure. Since the same occlusal relation can result from skeletal jaw proportions or from infraeruption or supraeruption of teeth, the descriptive terminology should be as precise as possible in indicating whether jaw or tooth positions are basically at fault in producing a vertical problem. This article examines the biomechanics involved in the treatment of patients who exhibit an anterior open bite or a deep overbite related to excessive or deficient vertical facial dimensions. Diagnosis and management of the vertical dimension is a complex problem. Yet, it can be as simple as studying a face and applying common diagnostic tools to ascertain the reason that the lower face is too long or too short. The vertical dimension has been a subject of study and debate since orthodontics became a speciality. Most of the contemporary treatments of both open bite and deep bite, ranging from the management of simple dental problems in the anterior region to severe skeletal dysplasias. Generally, the more severe the skeletal imbalance, the less effective are the non-surgical approaches to correction. Often, orthognathic surgery is the only viable option in difficult open bite and deep bite situations, associated with facial disfigurations

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TARKAR, Jaipal Singh; BAPAT, S. M.; PARASHAR, Sandeep. Muscle exercises in Interceptive Orthodontics. ASIAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, july 2016. ISSN 2350-1146. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2017.