Infants and Toddlers Biometric Recognition: A Review
Infants that is newborn babies and toddlers constitute the 11% of population in India. Security and healthcare of them plays important role worldwide. Illegal adoption, swapping of newborns, abduction from hospitals, mixing and drug delivery are the global challenges faced by this community. In India AADHAAR card of toddlers is dependent on the biometrics of their parents. Biometric based recognition of infants and toddlers can play a vital role to minimize these problems. Adult recognition using biometric is already reached its matured stage but meager amount of work has been done for infants and toddlers biometric recognition. Biometric recognition of infants and toddlers itself have many challenges like database collection, changes in biometrics like face over the period of time, rigidity of parents for giving the details of their ward. This paper presents a detail review on different biometrics and their challenges for infants and toddlers. Till date the efficiency of the biometric algorithms for infants and toddlers is not up to the mark and has to travel a long path to reach the mark. In depth research is required to evaluate the efficiency of the biometric recognition system for infants and toddlers. In the literature maximum recognition rate achieved is 98 % for the database of 101 newborn
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