The Wind Farm System: Literature Survey

  • Dr. D P Kadam
Keywords: Wind Farm, Wind Generator, Power Quality issues, Power Quality and Reactive Power Management.


With increased wind power capacity, transmission system operators have become more concerned about the power quality; reliability and reactive power management of Grid connected wind farms and have issued grid codes. The major concerns and issues highlighted in grid code are active, reactive power control and power quality. In India the majority of wind farms are in rural area. Increasing size of wind farm connected to grid will lead to various challenges such as power quality, security and reactive power control during normal operation, and fault ride through capability during fault conditions. Considering the challenges to be faced related to interfacing of large wind farms using Induction and Synchronous generators, it is necessary to study the various power quality, stability and reactive power requirement of large-scale wind farm connected to grid and provide cost effective solution for management of power quality and reactive power. Overviews of literature survey on Power Quality and Reactive Power Management Of Grid Connected Wind Farm are discussed.


[1] A. K. Tandon, S. S. Murthy, G. J. Berg, “Steady State Analysis of Capacitor Self- Excited Induction Generators” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-103, No 3, PP.612-618, March 1984.
[2] N. H. Malik and A. A. Mazi, “Capacitance Requirements for Isolated Self Excited Induction Generators” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. EC-2 No.1, PP. 62-69, March 1987.
[3] A. H. Al-Bahrani, N. H. Malik, “Steady State Analysis and Performance Characteristics of a Three- Phase Induction Generator Self Excited With a Single Capacitor”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 5, No. 4, PP.725-732, December 1990.
[4] S. S. Murthy, C. S. Jha and P. S. Nagendra Rao, “Analysis of Grid Connected Induction Generators Driven by hydro/wind Turbines under Realistic System Constraints” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 5, No. 1, PP. 1-7, March 1990.
[5] C. S. Demoulias and P. S. Dokopoulos, “Transient Behavior and Self-Excitation of Wind-driven Induction generator after its Disconnection from the Power Grid” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 5, No. 2, PP. 272-278, June 1990.
[6] Z. Saad-Saoud, M. L. Lisboa, J. B. Ekanayake, N. Jenkins and G. Strbac, “Application of STATCOM to Wind Farms”, IEEE Proceedings Generation Transmission Distribution, Vol. 145, No. 5 PP. 511-516, September 1998.
[7] J. G. Slootweg and W. L. Kling, “Modeling of Large Wind Farms in Power System Simulations”, Paper published in IEEE Conference, PP. 503-508, and 2002.
[8] J. Bhagwan Reddy, D. N. Reddy, “Reliability Evaluation of a Grid Connected Wind Farm-A case Study of Ramgiri Wind farm in Andhra Pradesh, India”, Paper published in IEEE Conference, PP. 659-662, 2004.
[9] R. Grunbaum, P. Halvarsson, D. Larsson, P. R. Jones, “Conditioning of Power Grids serving Offshore Wind Farms based on Asynchronous Generators”, ABB Power Technologies, Swedan, PP. 34-39, 2004.
[10] Chai Chompoo-Inwai Chitra Yingvivatanapong K. Methaprayoon Wei-Jen Lee, “Reactive Compensation Techniques to Improve the Ride-Through of Induction Generators during Disturbance”, IEEE Conference IAS 2004, PP. 2044-2050, 2004.
[11] W. Z. Gandhare and G. R. Bhagwatikar, “Power Pollution due to Grid Connected Wind Electric Converter”, IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, Alaska, USA, 25-27 September 2000, PP. 892-895.
[12] G. R. Bhagwatikar and W. Z. Gandhare, “Impact of Voltage and Short Circuit Level on Harmonics Generated by Wind Turbines”, International Conference - ELECTRIC POWER 2005, ASME, Chicago, USA, April 2005, PP. 1-6.
[13] S. M. Muyeen, Mohammad Abdul Mannan, Mohd. Hasan Ali, Rion Takahashi, Toshiaki Murata, Junji Tamura, “Stabilizaton of Grid Connected Wind Generator by STATCOM”, Paper published in IEEE PEDS 2005 Conference, PP. 1584-1588, 2005.
[14] Lie Xu, Yao and Christian Sasse, “Comparison of Using SVC and STATCOM for Wind Farm Integration”, IEEE Proceedings of the International conference on Power System Technology, PP. 1-7, 2006
[15] Wei Qiao, Ronald G. Harley, Ganesh K. “Effects of FACTS Devices on a Power System Which Includes a Large Wind Farm”, Paper accepted for IEEE PSCE 2006 Conference, PP. 2070-2076, 2006.
[16] S. Bozhko, R. Li, R. Blasco-Gimenez, G. M. Asher, J. C. Clare, L. Yao, and C. Sasse, “STATCOM-Controlled HVDC Power Transmission for Large Offshore wind Farms: Engineering Issues” Paper accepted for IEEE Conference, PP. 4219-4224, 2006.
How to Cite
Kadam, D. D. (2018, April 15). The Wind Farm System: Literature Survey. ASIAN JOURNAL FOR CONVERGENCE IN TECHNOLOGY (AJCT ) -UGC LISTED, 4(I). Retrieved from
Electrical & Electronics Engineering