A Review on the Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Foot-Ankle Complex

  • Anakshi Das
Keywords: Ankle Biomechanics, Degree of Freedom, Gait Cycle


In this article; we aim to review the literature available on the anatomy and biomechanics of the foot-ankle complex where the main aim is to fill the gap present in the existing research literature that can lead to further development in the prosthesis design. This paper discusses the different joints and various ligaments and tendons which has a significant influence on the stability and biomechanical performance of the foot-ankle complex. It also has an insight on the ankle jointcomplexmotion including the degrees of freedom and linked movements.


[1] Drake Richard L., Vogl A. Wayne, Mitchell Adam W. M., Gray’s Anatomy 2nd edition; Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2010
[2] Brockett Claire L., Chapman Graham J. Biomechanics of the ankle; 2016
[3] Masum Habib, Bhaumik Subhasis, Ray Ranjit, Conceptual Design of a Powered Ankle-Foot Prosthesis for Walking; 2014
[4] Leardini Alberto, O’Connor John J, Giannini Sandro, Biomechanics of the natural, arthritic and replaced human replaced human ankle joint; 2014
[5] Siegler Sorin, Chen Jie, Schnek C. D, The Three Dimensional Kinematics and Flexibility Characteristics of the Human Ankle and Subtalar Joints-Part I: Kinematics; 1988; 364-373.
[6] Au Samuel k, Dilworth Peter, Herr Hugh, An Ankle-Foot Emulation System for the Study of Human Walking Biomechanics; 2006
[7] Oatis Carol A, Biomechanics of the Foot and Ankle under Static Conditions; 1988
[8] Leardini A, Geometry and mechanics of the human ankle complex and ankle prosthesis design; 2001
[9] Deland JT1, Morris GD, Sung IH, Biomechanics of the ankle joint. A perspective on total ankle replacement; 2000
[10] Leardini A, O'Connor JJ, Catani F, Giannini S., Mobility of the human ankle and the design of total ankle replacement; 2004
How to Cite
Das, A. (2018, April 15). A Review on the Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Foot-Ankle Complex. ASIAN JOURNAL FOR CONVERGENCE IN TECHNOLOGY (AJCT ) -UGC LISTED, 4(I). Retrieved from http://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/418
Mechnical Engineering