Infants and Toddlers Biometric Recognition: A Review

  • Vaishali H Kamble
Keywords: infants, toddlers, biometric, recognition rate.


Infants that is newborn babies and toddlers
constitute the 11% of population in India. Security and
healthcare of them plays important role worldwide.
Illegal adoption, swapping of newborns, abduction from
hospitals, mixing and drug delivery are the global
challenges faced by this community. In India
AADHAAR card of toddlers is dependent on the
biometrics of their parents. Biometric based recognition
of infants and toddlers can play a vital role to minimize
these problems. Adult recognition using biometric is
already reached its matured stage but meager amount
of work has been done for infants and toddlers
biometric recognition. Biometric recognition of infants
and toddlers itself have many challenges like database
collection, changes in biometrics like face over the
period of time, rigidity of parents for giving the details
of their ward. This paper presents a detail review on
different biometrics and their challenges for infants and
toddlers. Till date the efficiency of the biometric
algorithms for infants and toddlers is not up to the
mark and has to travel a long path to reach the mark.
In depth research is required to evaluate the efficiency
of the biometric recognition system for infants and
toddlers. In the literature maximum recognition rate
achieved is 98 % for the database of 101 newborns.


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Specific Learning for Newborn Face
Recognition”, IEEE Transaction on information
Forensics and Security, Volume: 11, issue: 7, July
2016, pp.1630-1641.
[2] Wei Jia, Jie Gui, Rong-Xiang Hu, “Newborn
Footprint Recognition Using Subspace
Learning Methods”, Springer- Verlag Berlin
Heidelberg 2010, LNCS6215, pp. 447-53.
[3] Shrikant Tiwari, Santosh Kumar, Sanjay Kumar
Singh, Aruni Singh, “Newborn
Recognition Using Multimodal Biometric”, Newborn
Recognition Using Multimodal Biometric
/112877/ITS Security and Ethics.
[4] Vanina Camacho, Guillermo Garella, Francesco
Franzoni, “Recognizing Infants and
Toddlers over an On-production Fingerprint
Database”, Biometrics Special Group
(BIOSIG), 2017 International Conference,
Darmstadt, Germany.
How to Cite
Kamble, V. H. (2018, April 15). Infants and Toddlers Biometric Recognition: A Review. ASIAN JOURNAL FOR CONVERGENCE IN TECHNOLOGY (AJCT ) -UGC LISTED, 4(I). Retrieved from
Electrical & Electronics Engineering