Control of Hybrid Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Uniform Continuous Higher Order Sliding Mode Control

  • Prasanth K Prasad
  • Ramesh Kumar P
Keywords: Electric vehicles (EV), Hybrid energy storage system (HESS), Uniform continuous higher order sliding mode controller (UCHOSMC), Battery-super capacitor.


The goal of this paper is to control a fully active hybrid energy storage System (HESS) with a battery and super capacitor (SC) by introducing an uniform higher order sliding mode control. The system parameters to be tracked are the battery and SC current. To track the reference values of battery and SC currents, an uniform continuous higher order sliding mode controller (UCHOSMC) is applied which is a combination of two controllers one is an uniform super twisting control for disturbance rejection and other is uniform time convergence for a disturbance free system. Current references to be tracked
are generated by a rule-based energy management system, the stability of the system is validated using Lyapunov stability analysis. The simulation results show the robustness of the controller with an effective tracking of the reference values under different load conditions.


[1] L. H. Saw, H. M. Poon, H. S. Thiam, Z. Cai, W. Chong, N. A. Pambudi, and Y. J. King, “Novel thermal management system using mist cooling
for lithium-ion battery packs,” Applied Energy, vol. 223, pp. 146–158, Aug. 2018.
[2] C. M. Martinez, X. Hu, D. Cao, E. Velenis, B. Gao, and M. Wellers, “Energy management in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: Recent progress and a connected vehicles perspective,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 4534–4549, Jun. 2017.
[3] M. Bayati, M. Abedi, G. B. Gharehpetian, and M. Farahmandrad, “Shortterm interaction between electric vehicles and microgrid in decentralized vehicle-to-grid control methods,” Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems, vol. 4, pp. 45–52, Feb. 2019.
[4] E. Vinot and R. Trigui, “Optimal energy management of hevs with hybrid storage system,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 76, pp. 437–452, Dec. 2013.
[5] Z. Song, H. Hofmann, L. Jianqiu, J. Hou, X. Han, and M. Ouyang, “Energy management strategies comparison for electric vehicles with hybrid energy storage system,” Applied Energy, vol. 134, p. 321–331,Dec. 2014.
[6] H. He, R. Xiong, K. Zhao, and Z. Liu, “Energy management strategy research on a hybrid power system by hardware-in-loop experiments,” Applied Energy, vol. 112, pp. 1311–1317, Dec. 2013.
[7] B. Wang, J. Xu, R. Wai, and B. Cao, “Adaptive sliding-mode with hysteresis control strategy for simple multimode hybrid energy storage system in electric vehicles,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 1404–1414, Feb. 2017.[8] J. P. Trovao, P. G. Pereirinha, H. M. Jorge, and C. H. Antunes, “A multi- ˜level energy management system for multi-source electric vehicles –an integrated rule-based meta-heuristic approach,” Applied Energy, vol. 105, pp. 304–318, May 2013.
[9] B. Wang, J. Xu, B. Cao, and X. Zhou, “A novel multimode hybrid energy storage system and its energy management strategy for electric vehicles,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 281, pp. 432–443, May 2015.
[10] J. Blanes, R. Gutierrez, A. Garrigos, J. Lizan, and J. Cuadrado, “Electric vehicle battery life extension using ultracapacitors and an fpga controlled interleaved buck–boost converter,” Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 28, pp. 5940–5948, Dec. 2013.
[11] R. A. Dougal, S. Liu, and R. E. White, “Power and life extension of battery-ultracapacitor hybrids,” IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 120–131, Mar. 2002.
[12] W. Lhomme, P. Delarue, P. Barrade, A. Bouscayrol, and A. Rufer, “Design and control of a supercapacitor storage system for traction applications,” in Fourtieth IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the 2005 Industry Applications Conference, vol. 3, Oct. 2005, pp. 2013–2020.
How to Cite
Prasad, P. K., & Kumar P, R. (2021). Control of Hybrid Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Uniform Continuous Higher Order Sliding Mode Control. Asian Journal For Convergence In Technology (AJCT) ISSN -2350-1146, 7(1), 202-208.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.