Fabrication of Conductive Polyurethane by using Silica Nanoparticles

  • Udhayasuriyan . V
  • Nowshath Ahamed. A
  • Prakash. V
  • Jayant Pawar
  • Rabinder Henry


Plastic is a type of organic polymer material that can be shaped or molded as per the required applications. They are characterized by resistance to corrosion, electrical conductivity, malleability, colors, transparency, durability, and cost. One of the important parameter is electrical conductivity of plastic to weight ratio. By adding additives to plastics the electrical properties are manipulated as per application. This work reports the development of conducting polyurethane for electronic applications It includes synthesis of silica nanoparticles using sol-gel process and its characterization using microscopic, spectroscopic results and conductivity results.

Keywords: Solvo-thermal method, conductivity, polyurethane, Silica Nanoparticles.


Download data is not yet available.


[1] Yvonne Shashoua, “Plastics in collections”, in Conservation of Plastics, 1st ed, UK, Butterworth – Heinmann is an Imprint of Elsevier, 2008, pp. 1-2.
[2] J. A. Brydson, “Polyethylene”, in Plastic Materials, 6th ed, Oxford, Elsevier, 2013, pp. 201.
[3] Paul F. Mastro, “Introduction to Plastics Materials”, in Plastics Production Design, reprint, Massachusetts, Scrivener Publishing, 2016, pp. 3-4.
[4] Anu Marr Ealias & MP Saravanakumar, “A review on the classification, characterization, synthesis of nanoparticles and their application”, IOP Publishing, Vol: 263, 2017.
[5] S Johames Bott, Angela Starmer and Rooland Franz, “Migration of Nanoparticles from Plastic Packing Material Containing Cabon black into Foodstuffs”, Vol 31, No.10, August 4, 2014.
[6] Stober W, Fink A & Bohr E, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range”, Vol: 26, pp. 62-69, Jan 1968.
[7] Usama Zulfiquar, Tayyab Subhani, S. Wilayat Husain, “Synthesis and characterization of silica nanoparticles from clay”, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Vol: 4, pp.91-96, March 2016.
[8] Feng Yan, Jianguo Jiang, Xuejing Chen, Sicong Tian, Kaimin Li, “Synthesis and Characterization of sillica Nanoparticles by Low-temperature Vapor-Phase Hydrolysis of SiCl4”, Industry & Engineering Chemistry Research , Vol. 2, , pp. 11884-11890, July 10, 2014.
[9] Juenger, M.C.G, & Osterag ,C. P, “Alkali-Silica reactivity of large silica fume-derived particles”, Cement and concrete research, Vol: 34, , pp. 1389-1402, August 1, 2004.
[10] Mammeri. F, Rozer. L, Sanchez. C, “Mechanical Properties of SiO2- PMMA based hybrid organic-inorganic thin films”,Journal of Sol-gel science and thechnology, Vol: 26, pp. 413-417, Jan 2003.
[11] Lijuan Chen, Zhixin Jia, Yuhan Tang, Lianghui Wu, Yuanfang Luo, Demikn Jia, “Novel functional Silica Nanoparticles for rubber vulcanization & reinforcement”, Composites Science & Technology, Vol: 144, pp. 11-17, May 2017.
[12] Savelas A. Rabb, Deborah Stanley, Lipin Sung, TIngh Ngugn, “A Study of Nanosilica Release from “Weathered” Polymer Nanocomposites at Different Temperature Using ICP-OES”, In Nanotech Conference 2014, June 15, 2014.
[13] Hadi Bahadri, Payam Hasseini, “Reduction of Cement Consumption by the Aid of Silica Nano-Particles (Investigation on Concrete Properties)”, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, Vol 18, pp. 416-425, June 12, 2012.
[14] Teresa Diaz-Faez Lopez, Alfonso Fernandez Gonzalez, Angel Del Reguero, Maria Mator, Marta E Diaz-Garia and Rosana Badia-Lanio, “Engineered silica nanoparticles as additivies in lubricant oils”, Science and technology of advanced materials, Vol 16, october 16, 2015.
[15] Kazuhiko. Higashi, Kazuhiro Uchida, Atsushi Hotta, Koichi Hishida and Norihisa Miki, “Micropatterning of Silica Nanoparticles by Electrospray Deposition through a Stencil Mask”, Journal of Laboratory Automation, Vol: 19, pp. 75-81, Feb 2014.
[16] Usama Zulfiquar, Tayyab Subhani, S. Wilayat Husain, “Synthesis and characterization of silica nanoparticles from clay”, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Vol: 4, pp.91-96, March 2016.
[17] Cai, X., R. Y. Hong, L. S. Wang, X. Y. Wang, H. Z. Li, Y. Zheng, and D. G. Wei. "Synthesis of silica powders by pressured carbonation.", Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol: 151, pp. 1-3, Aug 2009.
[18] “Tokyo Chemical Industry Co. Ltd” , http://www.tcichemicals.com/en/ap/.
[19] Changshu Hongsheng Fine Chemical Co. Ltd, http://www.cshschem.com/contact_en.html.
[20] LOBA Chemie Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, https://www.lobachemie.com/ .
[21] Dorcheh A.S & Abbssi M,K, “Silica aeogel; synthesis, properties and characterization, Journal of materials processing technology, Vol:199, pp. 10-16, April 2008.
[22] Ramelan A. H, Wahyuningish. S, Ismoya Y. A, Pranata H.P & Munaworh H, “ Preparation of Xerogel SiO2 from roast iron sand under various acidic solution, In Journal of physics: Conference series, Vol: 776, pp. 012032, Nov 2016.
[23] Gurav J.L, Jung I.K, Park H.H, Kang E.S & Nadargi D.Y, “Silica aerogel: synthesis and Applications, Journal of Nanoaterials, pp. 23, Jan 2010.
[24] Qasim M, Ananthaiah J, Dhara S, Paik P, Das D, “Synthesis and characterization of ultra-fine colloidal silica nanoparticles, Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicience, Vol: 6, pp. 965-973, Sep 2014..
0 Views | 0 Downloads
How to Cite
. V, U., A, N. A., V, P., Pawar, J., & Henry, R. (2022). Fabrication of Conductive Polyurethane by using Silica Nanoparticles. Asian Journal For Convergence In Technology (AJCT) ISSN -2350-1146, 8(1), 135-137. https://doi.org/10.33130/AJCT.2022v08i01.020

Most read articles by the same author(s)