A Survey on Waste Water Treatment and Cleaning Using Numerous Techniques
This survey paper presents various sustainable methods to remove moss from tributaries, which can be profitable under certain conditions. Moss can interfere with wastewater treatment and contribute to the pollution of surface water downstream, including heavy metal contamination. The paper introduces a robotic moss remover called ARROS, which operates with lower power consumption and less workload compared to traditional methods. ARROS is a catamaran type unmanned surface vehicle (USV) equipped with guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) equipment and harmful Moss blooms (HABs) tools with electrocoagulation and flotation (ECF) technology. The USV communicates with an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) server to detect algal blooms accurately, and image and texture-based recognition algorithms can identify HABs and send their location to the USV for route planning. The paper proposes to use Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) processing technology to analyze the wet cleaning system in this study. Additionally, the paper highlights the filamentous Moss structure composed of Moss lawn cleaner and filamentous Moss nutrition cleaner, which have received little attention in the past 15 years. Overall, this survey paper reviews various Moss cultivation techniques and introduces a unique robotic Moss remover that can help prevent future inventions from failing. The keywords of the paper include Moss scrubbers, Algal bloom, filamentous Moss nutrient scrubbers (FANS), Harmful algal blooms (HABs), Electrocoagulation and flotation (ECF), and Image-based moss bloom detection
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