EIA & Certification Process in Major Construction Project Works

  • Mahadev Hatmode
  • Hemant Salunkhe
Keywords: Certification, Clearance, Construction, Economic Environmental, Impacts, Pollution, Compliances.

Abstract

The construction industry is the second largest industry in India. In India around 35 cities having population more than a one million. As population of country increases the construction work also increases. The increase of construction is directly affected on surrounding environment. For evaluating the impact of construction on environment we can use environmental impact assessment techniques. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a tool used to identify the environmental, social and economic impacts of a project prior to decision making. The environmental impact assessment is an important process to identify and mitigate the adverse effect of construction projects on environment. It was found that ‘Transportation Resource’, ‘Noise Pollution’ and ‘Dust Generation with Construction Machinery’ are the greatest environmental impacts in India. Environmental Clearance Certification process of major project works is important parts in the Environmental impact assessment. The various activities of construction in India have been pursued without giving much attention on environmental related issues. This has been resulted in pressure on its finite natural resources, besides creating impacts on human health and living organisms. Unsustainable and Unplanned urban development has lead to severe environmental pressures. Green cover, ground water resources have been forced to give way to the rapidly developing urban centers. The Modern buildings constructed in our cities have high levels of energy consumption because of requirements of lighting and Air-conditioning. Environmental clearance is a process used to determine and plan to reduce the effect of construction of project before starting the actual project. The results of this study are useful for construction managers and other participants in construction sites to become aware of construction processes impacts on the environment.

References

[1] Samaneh Zolfagharian , Mehdi Nourbakhsh , Javier Irizarry , Aziruddin Ressang , Masoud Gheisari,“Environmental Impacts Assessment On Construction Sites”, Construction Research Congress 2012 © Asce.
[2] B.Ganeshkumar gobinath, N. Prabhakaran, K.Rajeshkumar, “Modified EIA for small and medium projects” – An effective methode to make the project eco- friendly, International journal of environmental and science,2010,Volume 1,No.1,PP.55-65
[3] Manual on norms and standards for environmental clearance of large construction projects.
[4] IIy hanisah mohd fauzey, Fatemeh Nateghi, Farabod Mohammadi, Faridah ismail, “Emergent occupation safety & health and environmetal issues of demolition work: towards public environment”Aice-Bs2014 berlin,41-51.
[5] Devarshi tathagat, Dr. Ramesh D. Dod, “The Inception and Evolution of EIA and Environmetal Clearance Process – Laying emphasis on Sustainable Development and Construction,Vol.5, Issue3,March 2015 PP.22-28.
[6] Attaullah Shaha, Salimullah.Kb And M.H.Shaha, Razaulkah.Kc, Irfan.U.Jand, “Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Of Infrastructure Development Projects In Developing Countries”,Onatario international academy, August-2010,PP.47-51.
Published
2019-04-10
How to Cite
Hatmode, M., & Salunkhe, H. (2019). EIA & Certification Process in Major Construction Project Works. Asian Journal For Convergence In Technology (AJCT) ISSN -2350-1146, 4(3). Retrieved from https://asianssr.org/index.php/ajct/article/view/822

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.